1GRH

INHIBITION OF HUMAN GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE BY THE NITROSOUREA DRUGS 1,3-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL)-1-NITROSOUREA AND 1-(2-CHLOROETHYL)-3-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-NITROSOUREA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Inhibition of human glutathione reductase by the nitrosourea drugs 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea and 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-nitrosourea. A crystallographic analysis.

Karplus, P.A.Krauth-Siegel, R.L.Schirmer, R.H.Schulz, G.E.

(1988) Eur.J.Biochem. 171: 193-198


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutathione reductase from human erythrocytes was inhibited by incubation with the drugs 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-nitrosourea (HeCNU) under quasi-physiological conditions. For reference pu ...

    Glutathione reductase from human erythrocytes was inhibited by incubation with the drugs 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-nitrosourea (HeCNU) under quasi-physiological conditions. For reference purposes, iodoacetamide was used for inactivating alkylation of the enzyme. In each case the modified glutathione reductase was crystallized and its structure determined. These analyses showed that in all experiments the enzyme had reacted at the distal sulfur, that is at the thiol of Cys-58, and virtually nowhere else in the visible structure. The electron density of the HeCNU derivative at 0.3 nm resolution is consistent with a 2-hydroxyethyl group. This alkyl moiety has recently been identified by chemical analysis [Schirmer, R. H., Schöllhammer, T., Eisenbrand, G. and Krauth-Siegel, R. L. (1987) Free Radical Res. Commun. 3, 3-12]. The 0.2 nm resolution electron-density map of the BCNU-derivatized enzyme cannot be explained by a 2-hydroxyethyl group. Instead the modification appears as a carbamoyl moiety containing at least five non-hydrogen atoms. In this derivative the distal cysteine is forced into an unusual conformation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Universität Freiburg i. Br., Federal Republic of Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE
A
478Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSR (GLUR, GRD1)
EC: 1.8.1.7
Find proteins for P00390 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GSR
Go to UniProtKB:  P00390
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EOH
Query on EOH

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Download CCD File 
A
ETHANOL
C2 H6 O
LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • Space Group: B 1 1 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 119.800α = 90.00
b = 84.500β = 90.00
c = 63.200γ = 58.70

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1994-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-06-03
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-07-27
    Type: Other