Structure and Mechanism of Anthocyanidin Synthase from Arabidopsis Thaliana.Wilmouth, R.C., Turnbull, J.J., Welford, R.W.D., Clifton, I.J., Prescott, A.G., Schofield, C.J.
(2002) Structure 10: 93
- PubMed: 11796114
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Are Anthocyanidins the Immediate Products of Anthocyanidin Synthase?
Turnbull, J.J.,Sobey, W.J.,Aplin, R.T.,Hassan, A.,Firmin, J.L.,Schofield, C.J.,Prescott, A.G.
(2000) Chem. Commun. --: 2473
- Purification, Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction of Anthocyanidin Synthase from Arabidopsis Thaliana
Turnbull, J.J.,Prescott, A.G.,Schofield, C.J.,Wilmouth, R.C.
(2001) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D D57: 425
- Direct Evidence for Anthocyanidin Synthase as a 2-Oxoglutarate-Dependent Oxygenase: Molecular Cloning and Functional Expression of Cdna from a Red Forma of Perilla Frutescens
Saito, K.,Kobayashi, M.,Gong, Z.,Tanaka, Y.,Yamazaki, M.
(1999) Plant J. 17: 181
Flavonoids are common colorants in plants and have long-established biomedicinal properties. Anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), a 2-oxoglutarate iron-dependent oxygenase, catalyzes the penultimate step in the biosynthesis of the anthocyanin class of flavo ...
Flavonoids are common colorants in plants and have long-established biomedicinal properties. Anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), a 2-oxoglutarate iron-dependent oxygenase, catalyzes the penultimate step in the biosynthesis of the anthocyanin class of flavonoids. The crystal structure of ANS reveals a multicomponent active site containing metal, cosubstrate, and two molecules of a substrate analog (dihydroquercetin). An additional structure obtained after 30 min exposure to dioxygen is consistent with the oxidation of the dihydroquercetin to quercetin and the concomitant decarboxylation of 2-oxoglutarate to succinate. Together with in vitro studies, the crystal structures suggest a mechanism for ANS-catalyzed anthocyanidin formation from the natural leucoanthocyanidin substrates involving stereoselective C-3 hydroxylation. The structure of ANS provides a template for the ubiquitous family of plant nonhaem oxygenases for future engineering and inhibition studies.
The Dyson Perrins Laboratory, Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom. email@example.com