Crystal structure of the PDZ1 domain of human Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor provides insights into the mechanism of carboxyl-terminal leucine recognition by class I PDZ domains.Karthikeyan, S., Leung, T., Birrane, G., Webster, G., Ladias, J.A.
(2001) J Mol Biol 308: 963-973
- PubMed: 11352585
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.4634
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- NHE-RF, a regulatory cofactor for Na(+)-H+ exchange, is a common interactor for merlin and ERM (MERM) proteins;
MURTHY, A., GONZALEZ-AGOSTI, C., CORDERO, E., PINNEY, D., CANDIA, C., SOLOMON, F., GUSELLA, J., RAMESH, V.
(1998) J Biol Chem 273: 1273
- Crystal structure of the hCASK PDZ domain reveals the structural basis of class II PDZ domain target recognition
Daniels, D.L., Cohen, A.R., Anderson, J.M., Brunger, A.T.
(1998) Nat Struct Biol 5: 317
- Crystal structures of a complexed and peptide-free membrane protein-binding domain:Molecular basis of peptide recognition by PDZ
Doyle, D.A., Lee, A., Lewis, J., Kim, E., Sheng, M., MacKinnon, R.
(1996) Cell 85: 1067
- Crystal structure of a PDZ domain
Morais Cabral, J.H., Petosa, C., Sutcliffe, M.J., Raza, S., Byron, O., Poy, F., Marfatia, S.M., Chishti, A.H., Liddington, R.C.
(1996) Nature 382: 649
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF; also known as EBP50) contains two PDZ domains that mediate the assembly of transmembrane and cytosolic proteins into functional signal transduction complexes. The NHERF PDZ1 domain interacts specific ...
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF; also known as EBP50) contains two PDZ domains that mediate the assembly of transmembrane and cytosolic proteins into functional signal transduction complexes. The NHERF PDZ1 domain interacts specifically with the motifs DSLL, DSFL, and DTRL present at the carboxyl termini of the beta(2) adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR), the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), respectively, and plays a central role in the physiological regulation of these proteins. The crystal structure of the human NHERF PDZ1 has been determined at 1.5 A resolution using multiwavelength anomalous diffraction phasing. The overall structure is similar to known PDZ structures, with notable differences in the NHERF PDZ1 carboxylate-binding loop that contains the GYGF motif, and the variable loop between the beta2 and beta3 strands. In the crystalline state, the carboxyl-terminal sequence DEQL of PDZ1 occupies the peptide-binding pocket of a neighboring PDZ1 molecule related by 2-fold crystallographic symmetry. This structure reveals the molecular mechanism of carboxyl-terminal leucine recognition by class I PDZ domains, and provides insights into the specificity of NHERF interaction with the carboxyl termini of several membrane receptors and ion channels, including the beta(2)AR, PDGFR, and CFTR.
Molecular Medicine Laboratory and Macromolecular Crystallography Unit, Division of Experimental Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02115, USA.