1G2Q

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ADENINE PHOSPHORIBOSYLTRANSFERASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural analysis of adenine phosphoribosyltransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Shi, W.Tanaka, K.S.Crother, T.R.Taylor, M.W.Almo, S.C.Schramm, V.L.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 10800-10809

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi010465h
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1G2Q, 1G2P

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRTase) is a widely distributed enzyme, and its deficiency in humans causes the accumulation of 2,8-dihydroxyadenine. It is the sole catalyst for adenine recycling in most eukaryotes. The most commonly expressed AP ...

    Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRTase) is a widely distributed enzyme, and its deficiency in humans causes the accumulation of 2,8-dihydroxyadenine. It is the sole catalyst for adenine recycling in most eukaryotes. The most commonly expressed APRTase has subunits of approximately 187 amino acids, but the only crystal structure is from Leishmania donovani, which expresses a long form of the enzyme with 237 residues. Saccharomyces cerevisiae APRTase was selected as a representative of the short APRTases, and the structure of the apo-enzyme and sulfate bound forms were solved to 1.5 and 1.75 A, respectively. Yeast APRTase is a dimeric molecule, and each subunit is composed of a central five-stranded beta-sheet surrounded by five alpha-helices, a structural theme found in all known purine phosphoribosyltransferases. The structures reveal several important features of APRTase function: (i) sulfate ions bound at the 5'-phosphate and pyrophosphate binding sites; (ii) a nonproline cis peptide bond (Glu67-Ser68) at the pyrophosphate binding site in both apo-enzyme and sulfate-bound forms; and (iii) a catalytic loop that is open and ordered in the apo-enzyme but open and disordered in the sulfate-bound form. Alignment of conserved amino acids in short-APRTases from 33 species reveals 13 invariant and 15 highly conserved residues present in hinges, catalytic site loops, and the catalytic pocket. Mutagenesis of conserved residues in the catalytic loop, subunit interface, and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate binding site indicates critical roles for the tip of the catalytic loop (Glu106) and a catalytic site residue Arg69, respectively. Mutation of one loop residue (Tyr103Phe) increases k(cat) by 4-fold, implicating altered dynamics for the catalytic site loop.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ADENINE PHOSPHORIBOSYLTRANSFERASE 1A, B187Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.4.2.7
Find proteins for P49435 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P49435 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49435
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.661α = 95.694
b = 45.767β = 108.403
c = 53.883γ = 109.585
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-12-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance