Crystal structure of a cohesin module from Clostridium cellulolyticum: implications for dockerin recognition.Spinelli, S., Fierobe, H.P., Belaich, A., Belaich, J.P., Henrissat, B., Cambillau, C.
(2000) J Mol Biol 304: 189-200
- PubMed: 11080455
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2000.4191
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
In the assembly of the Clostridium cellulolyticum cellulosome, the multiple cohesin modules of the scaffolding protein CipC serve as receptors for cellulolytic enzymes which bear a dockerin module. The X-ray structure of a type I C. cellulolyticum cohesin module (Cc-cohesin) has been solved using molecular replacement, and refined at 2.0 A resolution. Despite a rather low sequence identity of 32 %, this module has a fold close to those of the two Clostridium thermocellum cohesin (Ct-cohesin) modules whose 3D structures have been determined previously. Cc-cohesin forms a dimer in the crystal, as do the two Ct-cohesins. We show here that the dimer exists in solution and that addition of dockerin-containing proteins dissociates the dimer. This suggests that the dimerization interface and the cohesin/dockerin interface may overlap. The nature of the overall surface and of the dimer interface of Cc-cohesin differ notably from those of the Ct-cohesin modules, being much less polar, and this may explain the species specificity observed in the cohesin/dockerin interaction of C. cellulolyticum and C. thermocellum. We have produced a topology model of a C. cellulolyticum dockerin and of a Cc-cohesin/dockerin complex using homology modeling and available biochemical data. Our model suggests that a special residue pair, already identified in dockerin sequences, is located at the center of the cohesin surface putatively interacting with the dockerin.
Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, UMR 6098, CNRS-Universités de Marseille I et II, 31 Chemin Joseph-Aiguier, Marseille, Cedex 20, 13402, France.