1FTC

Y13C MUTANT OF AZOTOBACTER VINELANDII FDI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Y13C Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I. A designed [Fe-S] ligand motif contains a cysteine persulfide.

Kemper, M.A.Stout, C.D.Lloyd, S.J.Prasad, G.S.Fawcett, S.E.Armstrong, F.A.Shen, B.Burgess, B.K.

(1997) J Biol Chem 272: 15620-15627

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.272.25.15620
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1FTC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ferredoxins that contain [4Fe-4S]2+/+ clusters often obtain three of their four cysteine ligands from a highly conserved CysXXCysXXCys sequence motif. Little is known about the in vivo assembly of these clusters and the role that this sequence motif ...

    Ferredoxins that contain [4Fe-4S]2+/+ clusters often obtain three of their four cysteine ligands from a highly conserved CysXXCysXXCys sequence motif. Little is known about the in vivo assembly of these clusters and the role that this sequence motif plays in that process. In this study, we have used structure as a guide in attempts to direct the formation of a [4Fe-4S]2+/+ in the [3Fe-4S]+/0 location of native (7Fe) Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I (AvFdI) by providing the correct three-dimensional orientation of cysteine ligands without introducing a CysXXCysXXCys motif. Tyr13 of AvFdI occupies the position of the fourth ligating cysteine in the homologous and structurally characterized 8Fe ferredoxin from Peptococcus aerogenes and a Y13C variant of AvFdI could be easily modeled as an 8Fe protein. However, characterization of purified Y13C FdI by UV-visible spectra, circular dichroism, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies, and by x-ray crystallography revealed that the protein failed to use the introduced cysteine as a ligand and retained its [3Fe-4S]+/0 cluster. Further, electrochemical characterization showed that the redox potential and pH behavior of the cluster were unaffected by the substitution of Tyr by Cys. Although Y13C FdI is functional in vivo it does differ significantly from native FdI in that it is extremely unstable in the reduced state possibly due to increased solvent exposure of the [3Fe-4S]0 cluster. Surprisingly, the x-ray structure showed that the introduced cysteine was modified to become a persulfide. This modification may have occurred in vivo via the action of NifS, which is known to be expressed under the growth conditions used. It is interesting to note that neither of the two free cysteines present in FdI was modified. Thus, if NifS is involved in modifying the introduced cysteine there must be specificity to the reaction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-3900, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FERREDOXINA, B106Azotobacter vinelandiiMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: fdxA
Find proteins for P00214 (Azotobacter vinelandii)
Explore P00214 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00214
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

Download CCD File 
A, B
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
F3S
Query on F3S

Download CCD File 
A, B
FE3-S4 CLUSTER
Fe3 S4
FCXHZBQOKRZXKS-MZMDZPPWAW
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSS
Query on CSS
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O2 S2CYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 39.3α = 90
b = 73.7β = 98.4
c = 45.1γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
XENGENdata reduction
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1997-04-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance