1FRN

THE INVOLVEMENT OF SER96 IN THE CATALYTIC MECHANISM OF FERREDOXIN-NADP+ REDUCTASE: STRUCTURE-FUNCTION RELATIONSHIP AS STUDIED BY SITE-DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS AND X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Involvement of serine 96 in the catalytic mechanism of ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase: structure--function relationship as studied by site-directed mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography.

Aliverti, A.Bruns, C.M.Pandini, V.E.Karplus, P.A.Vanoni, M.A.Curti, B.Zanetti, G.

(1995) Biochemistry 34: 8371-8379


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) suggests that Ser96 is directly involved in hydride transfer between the isoalloxazine moiety of FAD and the nicotinamide ring of NADP(H). To probe its role, Ser96 has been mutated to valine ( ...

    The crystal structure of ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) suggests that Ser96 is directly involved in hydride transfer between the isoalloxazine moiety of FAD and the nicotinamide ring of NADP(H). To probe its role, Ser96 has been mutated to valine (S96V) and glycine (S96G). These mutations primarily affected the interaction of the nicotinamide ring with the flavin. Absorbance, fluorescence, and circular dichroism spectra and the crystal structure of FNR-S96V indicate that this mutant folds properly. FNR-S96V shows only 0.05% of wild-type activity, while the affinities for both ferredoxin and NADP+ are virtually unchanged. However, spectral perturbations induced by NADP+ binding to FNR-S96V strongly resemble those elicited by the binding of 2'-monophosphoadenosine-5'-diphosphoribose, a substrate analog lacking the nicotinamide ring, both to the mutant and wild-type enzymes. Rapid reaction studies on the valine mutant failed to detect charge-transfer intermediates during flavin reduction by NADPH. In addition, no semiquinone formation was seen during photoreduction of FNR-S96V. The three-dimensional structure of the valine mutant shows small, albeit definite, changes only in the isoalloxazine microenvironment. The glycine mutant of FNR displays behavior intermediate between that of wild-type enzyme and that of the valine mutant. It maintains ca. 2% of the wild-type activity as well as the ability to form the charge-transfer species between reduced FNR and NADP+. In photoreduction experiments, the same degree of flavin semiquinone stabilization was observed with FNR-S96G and with the wild-type enzyme. NADP+ binding to the glycine mutant was very similar to that observed in the case of the valine mutant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


    Related Citations: 
    • Atomic Structure of Ferredoxin-Nadp+ Reductase: Prototype for a Structurally Novel Flavoenzyme Family
      Karplus, P.A.,Daniels, M.J.,Herriott, J.R.
      (1991) Science 251: 60
    • Refined Crystal Structure of Spinach Ferredoxin Reductase at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution: Oxidized, Reduced, and 2'-Phospho-5'-AMP Bound States
      Bruns, C.M.,Karplus, P.A.
      (1995) J.Mol.Biol. 247: 125


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dipartimento di Fisiologia e Biochimica Generali, Università di Milano, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FERREDOXIN-NADP+ REDUCTASE
A
314Spinacia oleraceaGene Names: PETH
EC: 1.18.1.2
Find proteins for P00455 (Spinacia oleracea)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00455
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.700α = 90.00
b = 57.700β = 100.00
c = 68.100γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement
SDMSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-07-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance