1F0E

Cecropin A(1-8)-magainin 2(1-12) modified gig to P in dodecylphosphocholine micelles


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Role of the hinge region and the tryptophan residue in the synthetic antimicrobial peptides, cecropin A(1-8)-magainin 2(1-12) and its analogues, on their antibiotic activities and structures.

Oh, D.Shin, S.Y.Lee, S.Kang, J.H.Kim, S.D.Ryu, P.D.Hahm, K.S.Kim, Y.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 11855-11864

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A 20-residue hybrid peptide CA(1-8)-MA(1-12) (CA-MA), incorporating residues 1-8 of cecropin A (CA) and residues 1-12 of magainin 2 (MA), has potent antimicrobial activity without toxicity against human erythrocytes. To investigate the effects of the ...

    A 20-residue hybrid peptide CA(1-8)-MA(1-12) (CA-MA), incorporating residues 1-8 of cecropin A (CA) and residues 1-12 of magainin 2 (MA), has potent antimicrobial activity without toxicity against human erythrocytes. To investigate the effects of the Gly-Ile-Gly hinge sequence of CA-MA on the antibacterial and antitumor activities, two analogues in which the Gly-Ile-Gly sequence of CA-MA is either deleted (P1) or substituted with Pro (P2) were synthesized. The role of the tryptophan residue at position 2 of CA-MA on its antibiotic activity was also investigated using two analogues, in which the Trp2 residue of CA-MA is replaced with either Ala (P3) or Leu (P4). The tertiary structures of CA-MA, P2, and P4 in DPC micelles, as determined by NMR spectroscopy, have a short amphiphilic helix in the N-terminus and about three turns of alpha-helix in the C-terminus, with the flexible hinge region between them. The P1 analogue has an alpha-helix from Leu4 to Ala14 without any hinge structure. P1 has significantly decreased lytic activities against bacterial and tumor cells and PC/PS vesicles (3:1, w/w), and reduced pore-forming activity on lipid bilayers, while P2 retained effective lytic activities and pore-forming activity. The N-terminal region of P3 has a flexible structure without any specific secondary structure. The P3 modification caused a drastic decrease in the antibiotic activities, whereas P4, with the hydrophobic Leu side chain at position 2, retained its activities. On the basis of the tertiary structures, antibiotic activities, vesicle-disrupting activities, and pore-forming activities, the structure-function relationships can be summarized as follows. The partial insertion of the Trp2 of CA-MA into the membrane, as well as the electrostatic interactions between the positively charged Lys residues at the N-terminus of the CA-MA and the anionic phospholipid headgroups, leads to the primary binding to the cell membrane. Then, the flexibility or bending potential induced by the Gly-Ile-Gly hinge sequence or the Pro residue in the central part of the peptides may allow the alpha-helix in the C-terminus to span the lipid bilayer. These structural features are crucial for the potent antibiotic activities of CA-MA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CECROPIN A-MAGAININ 2 HYBRID PEPTIDE
A
19Xenopus laevisHyalophora cecropia
This entity is chimeric
Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: magainins,
Find proteins for P11006 (Xenopus laevis)
Go to UniProtKB:  P11006
Find proteins for P01507 (Hyalophora cecropia)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01507
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1F0E Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-03-14
    Type: Database references, Derived calculations