The role of Asn14 in the stability and conformation of the reactive-site loop of winged bean chymotrypsin inhibitor: crystal structures of two point mutants Asn14-->Lys and Asn14-->Asp.Ravichandran, S., Dasgupta, J., Chakrabarti, C., Ghosh, S., Singh, M., Dattagupta, J.K.
(2001) Protein Eng. 14: 349-357
- PubMed: 11438758
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1FMZ, 1FN0
- Also Cited By: 1XG6
- PubMed Abstract:
- cDNA Cloning, Expression, and Rapid Purification of a Kunitz-Type Winged Bean Chymotrypsin Inhibitor
Ghosh, S.,Singh, M.
(1997) Protein Expr.Purif. 10: 100
- Cryocrystallography of a Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor: the 90 K structure of winged bean chymotrypsin inhibitor (WCI) at 2.13 A resolution
Ravichandran, S.,Sen, U.,Chakrabarti, C.,Dattagupta, J.K.
(1999) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 55: 1814
- Refined Crystal Structure (2.3 A) of a Double-Headed Winged Bean alpha-Chymotrypsin Inhibitor and Location of Its Second Reactive Site
Dattagupta, J.K.,Podder, A.,Chakrabarti, C.,Sen, U.,Mukhopadhyay, D.,Dutta, S.K.,Singh, M.
(1999) Proteins 35: 321
A double-headed chymotrypsin inhibitor, WCI, from winged bean seeds was cloned for structural and biochemical studies. The inhibitor was subjected to two point mutations at a conserved position, Asn14. This residue, known to have a pivotal role in st ...
A double-headed chymotrypsin inhibitor, WCI, from winged bean seeds was cloned for structural and biochemical studies. The inhibitor was subjected to two point mutations at a conserved position, Asn14. This residue, known to have a pivotal role in stabilizing the first reactive-site loop (Gln63-Phe68) of the inhibitor, is highly conserved in the sequences of the other members of Kunitz (STI) family as well as in the sequences of Kazal family of serine protease inhibitors. The mutants, N14K and N14D, were subjected to biochemical assay and their characteristics were compared with those of the recombinant inhibitor (rWCI). Crystallographic studies of the recombinant and the mutant proteins are discussed. These studies were primarily aimed at understanding the importance of the protein scaffolding towards the conformational rigidity of the reactive-site loop. Our analysis reveals that, as the Lys14 side chain takes an unusual fold in N14K and the Asp14 side chain in N14D interacts with the loop residues by water-mediated hydrogen bonds, the canonical conformation of the loop has remained effectively intact in both the mutant structures. However, minor alterations such as a 2-fold increase in the inhibitory affinity towards the cognate enzyme were observed.
Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta 700 064, India.