1E05

PLASMA ALPHA ANTITHROMBIN-III


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of Beta-Antithrombin and the Effect of Glycosylation on Antithrombin'S Heparin Affinity and Activity.

Mccoy, A.J.Pei, X.Y.Skinner, R.Abrahams, J.-P.Carrell, R.W.

(2003) J.Mol.Biol. 326: 823

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Antithrombin is a member of the serpin family of protease inhibitors and the major inhibitor of the blood coagulation cascade. It is unique amongst the serpins in that it circulates in a conformation that is inactive against its target proteases. Act ...

    Antithrombin is a member of the serpin family of protease inhibitors and the major inhibitor of the blood coagulation cascade. It is unique amongst the serpins in that it circulates in a conformation that is inactive against its target proteases. Activation of antithrombin is brought about by a conformational change initiated upon binding heparin or heparan sulphate. Two isoforms exist in the circulation, alpha-antithrombin and beta-antithrombin, which differ in the amount of glycosylation present on the polypeptide chain; beta-antithrombin lacks the carbohydrate present at Asn135 in alpha-antithrombin. Of the two forms, beta-antithrombin has the higher affinity for heparin and thus functions as the major inhibitor in vivo even though it is the less abundant form. The reason for the differences in heparin affinity between the alpha and beta-forms have been shown to be due to the additional carbohydrate changing the rate of the conformational change. Here, we describe the most accurate structures of alpha-antithrombin and alpha-antithrombin+heparin pentasaccharide reported to date (2.6A and 2.9A resolution, respectively, both re-refinements using old data), and the structure of beta-antithrombin (2.6A resolution). The new structures have a remarkable degree of ordered carbohydrate and include parts of the antithrombin chain not modeled before. The structures have allowed a detailed comparison of the conformational differences between the three. They show that the structural basis of the lower affinity for heparin of alpha-antithrombin over beta-antithrombin is due to the conformational change that occurs upon heparin binding being sterically hindered by the presence of the additional bulky carbohydrate at Asn135.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ANTITHROMBIN-III
I, L
432Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SERPINC1 (AT3)
Find proteins for P01008 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SERPINC1
Go to UniProtKB:  P01008
Small Molecules
Ligands 7 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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L
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GUP
Query on GUP

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L
ALPHA-L-GULOPYRANOSIDE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-BYIBVSMXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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I, L
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

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I, L
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GAL
Query on GAL

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L
BETA-D-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-FPRJBGLDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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I, L
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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I, L
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.410α = 90.00
b = 98.310β = 103.32
c = 90.410γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-06-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-11-09
    Type: Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Structure summary, Version format compliance