1DNC

HUMAN GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE MODIFIED BY DIGLUTATHIONE-DINITROSO-IRON


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Enzyme inactivation through sulfhydryl oxidation by physiologic NO-carriers.

Becker, K.Savvides, S.N.Keese, M.Schirmer, R.H.Karplus, P.A.

(1998) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 5: 267-271

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nitric oxide (NO) is a pluripotent regulatory molecule, yet the molecular mechanisms by which it exerts its effects are largely unknown. Few physiologic target molecules of NO have been identified, and even for these, the modifications caused by NO r ...

    Nitric oxide (NO) is a pluripotent regulatory molecule, yet the molecular mechanisms by which it exerts its effects are largely unknown. Few physiologic target molecules of NO have been identified, and even for these, the modifications caused by NO remain uncharacterized. Human glutathione reductase (hGR), a central enzyme of cellular antioxidant defense, is inhibited by S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and by diglutathionyl-dinitroso-iron (DNIC-[GSH]2), two in vivo transport forms of NO. Here, crystal structures of hGR inactivated by GSNO and DNIC-[GSH]2 at 1.7 A resolution provide the first picture of enzyme inactivation by NO-carriers: in GSNO-modified hGR, the active site residue Cys 63 is oxidized to an unusually stable cysteine sulfenic acid (R-SOH), whereas modification with DNIC-[GSH]2 oxidizes Cys 63 to a cysteine sulfinic acid (R-SO2H). Our results illustrate that various forms of NO can mediate distinct chemistry, and that sulfhydryl oxidation must be considered as a major mechanism of NO action.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biochemistry Center, University of Heidelberg, Germany. katja.becker@urz.uni-heidelberg.de




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE
A
478Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSR (GLUR, GRD1)
EC: 1.8.1.7
Find proteins for P00390 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GSR
Go to UniProtKB:  P00390
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GSH
Query on GSH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLUTATHIONE
C10 H17 N3 O6 S
RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSD
Query on CSD
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O4 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 120.080α = 90.00
b = 63.400β = 58.33
c = 84.700γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-05-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-12-07
    Type: Non-polymer description, Other, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary