Conformational influence of the ribose 2'-hydroxyl group: crystal structures of DNA-RNA chimeric duplexes.Egli, M., Usman, N., Rich, A.
(1993) Biochemistry 32: 3221-3237
- PubMed: 7681688
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Large Scale Chemical Synthesis, Purification and Crystallization of RNA-DNA Chimeras
Usman, N.,Egli, M.,Rich, A.
(1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 20: 6695
- Crystal Structure of an Okazaki Fragment at 2 Angstroms Resolution
Egli, M.,Usman, N.,Zhang, S.,Rich, A.
(1992) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 89: 534
We have crystallized three double-helical DNA-RNA chimeric duplexes and determined their structures by X-ray crystallography at resolutions between 2 and 2.25 A. The two self-complementary duplexes [r(G)d(CGTATACGC)]2 and [d(GCGT)r(A)d(TACGC)]2, as w ...
We have crystallized three double-helical DNA-RNA chimeric duplexes and determined their structures by X-ray crystallography at resolutions between 2 and 2.25 A. The two self-complementary duplexes [r(G)d(CGTATACGC)]2 and [d(GCGT)r(A)d(TACGC)]2, as well as the Okazaki fragment d(GGGTATACGC).r(GCG)d(TATACCC), were found to adopt A-type conformations. The crystal structures are non-isomorphous, and the crystallographic environments for the three chimeras are different. A number of intramolecular interactions of the ribose 2'-hydroxyl groups contribute to the stabilization of the A-conformation. Hydrogen bonds between 2'-hydroxyls and 5'-oxygens or phosphate oxygens, in addition to the previously observed hydrogen bonds to 1'-oxygens of adjacent riboses and deoxyriboses, are observed in the DNA-RNA chimeric duplexes. The crystalline chimeric duplexes do not show a transition between the DNA A- and B-conformations. CD spectra suggest that the Okazaki fragment assumes an A-conformation in solution as well. In this molecule the three RNA residues may therefore lock the complete decamer in the A-conformation. Crystals of an all-DNA strand with the same sequence as the self-complementary chimeras show a morphology which is different from those of the chimera crystals. Moreover, the oligonucleotide does not match any of the sequence characteristics of DNAs usually adopting the A-conformation in the crystalline state (e.g., octamers with short alternating stretches of purines and pyrimidines). In DNA-RNA chimeric duplexes, it is therefore possible that a single RNA residue can drive the conformational equilibrium toward the A-conformation.
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.