1D4F

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RECOMBINANT RAT-LIVER D244E MUTANT S-ADENOSYLHOMOCYSTEINE HYDROLASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Effects of site-directed mutagenesis on structure and function of recombinant rat liver S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase. Crystal structure of D244E mutant enzyme.

Komoto, J.Huang, Y.Gomi, T.Ogawa, H.Takata, Y.Fujioka, M.Takusagawa, F.

(2000) J Biol Chem 275: 32147-32156

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M003725200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1D4F

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A site-directed mutagenesis, D244E, of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyase) changes drastically the nature of the protein, especially the NAD(+) binding affinity. The mutant enzyme contained NADH rather than NAD(+) (Gomi, T., Takata, Y., Date, T., Fujioka, M ...

    A site-directed mutagenesis, D244E, of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyase) changes drastically the nature of the protein, especially the NAD(+) binding affinity. The mutant enzyme contained NADH rather than NAD(+) (Gomi, T., Takata, Y., Date, T., Fujioka, M., Aksamit, R. R., Backlund, P. S., and Cantoni, G. L. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 16102-16107). In contrast to the site-directed mutagenesis study, the crystal structures of human and rat AdoHcyase recently determined have shown that the carboxyl group of Asp-244 points in a direction opposite to the bound NAD molecule and does not participate in any hydrogen bonds with the NAD molecule. To explain the discrepancy between the mutagenesis study and the x-ray studies, we have determined the crystal structure of the recombinant rat-liver D244E mutant enzyme to 2.8-A resolution. The D244E mutation changes the enzyme structure from the open to the closed conformation by means of a approximately 17 degrees rotation of the individual catalytic domains around the molecular hinge sections. The D244E mutation shifts the catalytic reaction from a reversible to an irreversible fashion. The large affinity difference between NAD(+) and NADH is mainly due to the enzyme conformation, but not to the binding-site geometry; an NAD(+) in the open conformation is readily released from the enzyme, whereas an NADH in the closed conformation is trapped and cannot leave the enzyme. A catalytic mechanism of AdoHcyase has been proposed on the basis of the crystal structures of the wild-type and D244E enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045-210, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
S-ADENOSYLHOMOCYSTEINE HYDROLASEA, B, C, D431Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Ahcy
EC: 3.3.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P10760 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P10760 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10760
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 91α = 90
b = 223β = 90
c = 91.23γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2001-01-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-04-04
    Changes: Data collection