1D12

STRUCTURAL COMPARISON OF ANTICANCER DRUG-DNA COMPLEXES. ADRIAMYCIN AND DAUNOMYCIN


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural comparison of anticancer drug-DNA complexes: adriamycin and daunomycin.

Frederick, C.A.Williams, L.D.Ughetto, G.van der Marel, G.A.van Boom, J.H.Rich, A.Wang, A.H.

(1990) Biochemistry 29: 2538-2549

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1D10

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The anticancer drugs adriamycin and daunomycin have each been crystallized with the DNA sequence d(CGATCG) and the three-dimensional structures of the complexes solved at 1.7- and 1.5-A resolution, respectively. These antitumor drugs have significant ...

    The anticancer drugs adriamycin and daunomycin have each been crystallized with the DNA sequence d(CGATCG) and the three-dimensional structures of the complexes solved at 1.7- and 1.5-A resolution, respectively. These antitumor drugs have significantly different clinical properties, yet they differ chemically by only the additional hydroxyl at C14 of adriamycin. In these complexes the chromophore is intercalated at the CpG steps at either end of the DNA helix with the amino sugar extended into the minor groove. Solution of the structure of daunomycin bound to d(CGATCG) has made it possible to compare it with the previously reported structure of daunomycin bound to d(CGTACG). Although the two daunomycin complexes are similar, there is an interesting sequence dependence of the binding of the amino sugar to the A-T base pair outside the intercalation site. The complex of daunomycin with d(CGATCG) has tighter binding than the complex with d(CGTACG), leading us to infer a sequence preference in the binding of this anthracycline drug. The structures of daunomycin and adriamycin with d(CGATCG) are very similar. However, there are additional solvent interactions with the adriamycin C14 hydroxyl linking it to the DNA. Surprisingly, under the influence of the altered solvation, there is considerable difference in the conformation of spermine in these two complexes. The observed changes in the overall structures of the ternary complexes amplify the small chemical differences between these two antibiotics and provide a possible explanation for the significantly different clinical activities of these important drugs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*GP*AP*TP*CP*G)-3')A6N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SPM
Query on SPM

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A
SPERMINE
C10 H26 N4
PFNFFQXMRSDOHW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DM2
Query on DM2

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A
DOXORUBICIN
ADRIAMYCIN
C27 H29 N O11
AOJJSUZBOXZQNB-TZSSRYMLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 28.210α = 90.00
b = 28.210β = 90.00
c = 53.190γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
NUCLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1990-10-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-22
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance