1CW3

HUMAN MITOCHONDRIAL ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEXED WITH NAD+ AND MN2+


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.58 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Human liver mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase: three-dimensional structure and the restoration of solubility and activity of chimeric forms.

Ni, L.Zhou, J.Hurley, T.D.Weiner, H.

(1999) Protein Sci. 8: 2784-2790

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.8.12.2784

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human liver cytosolic and mitochondrial isozymes of aldehyde dehydrogenase share 70% sequence identity. However, the first 21 residues are not conserved between the human isozymes (15% identity). The three-dimensional structures of the beef mitochond ...

    Human liver cytosolic and mitochondrial isozymes of aldehyde dehydrogenase share 70% sequence identity. However, the first 21 residues are not conserved between the human isozymes (15% identity). The three-dimensional structures of the beef mitochondrial and sheep cytosolic forms have virtually identical three-dimensional structures. Here, we solved the structure of the human mitochondrial enzyme and found it to be identical to the beef enzyme. The first 21 residues are found on the surface of the enzyme and make no contact with other subunits in the tetramer. A pair of chimeric enzymes between the human isozymes was made. Each chimera had the first 21 residues from one isozyme and the remaining 479 from the other. When the first 21 residues were from the mitochondrial isozyme, an enzyme with cytosolic-like properties was produced. The other was expressed but was insoluble. It was possible to restore solubility and activity to the chimera that had the first 21 cytosolic residues fused to the mitochondrial ones by making point mutations to residues at the N-terminal end. When residue 19 was changed from tyrosine to a cysteine, the residue found in the mitochondrial form, an active enzyme could be made though the Km for NAD+ was 35 times higher than the native mitochondrial isozyme and the specific activity was reduced by 75%. This residue interacts with residue 203, a nonconserved, nonactive site residue. A mutation of residue 18, which also interacts with 203, restored solubility, but not activity. Mutation to residue 15, which interacts with 104, also restored solubility but not activity. It appears that to have a soluble or active enzyme a favorable interaction must occur between a residue in a surface loop and a residue elsewhere in the molecule even though neither make contact with the active site region of the enzyme.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase: the genetic component of ethanol aversion.
      Steinmetz, C.G.,Xie, P.,Weiner, H.,Hurley, T.D.
      (1997) Structure 5: 701


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1153, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MITOCHONDRIAL ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
494Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALDH2 (ALDM)
EC: 1.2.1.3
Find proteins for P05091 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ALDH2
Go to UniProtKB:  P05091
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.58 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 101.400α = 90.00
b = 176.300β = 94.70
c = 102.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORrefinement
AMoREphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-08-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-04-04
    Type: Data collection