1CTZ

MUTATION OF TYROSINE-67 IN CYTOCHROME C SIGNIFICANTLY ALTERS THE LOCAL HEME ENVIRONMENT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mutation of tyrosine-67 to phenylalanine in cytochrome c significantly alters the local heme environment.

Berghuis, A.M.Guillemette, J.G.Smith, M.Brayer, G.D.

(1994) J.Mol.Biol. 235: 1326-1341

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1994.1086
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1CTY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The high resolution three-dimensional atomic structures of the reduced and oxidized states of the Y67F variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c have been completed. The conformational differences observed are localized directly in the mutation site and in ...

    The high resolution three-dimensional atomic structures of the reduced and oxidized states of the Y67F variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c have been completed. The conformational differences observed are localized directly in the mutation site and in the region about the pyrrole A propionate. Shifts in atomic positions are largely restricted to nearby amino acid side-chains, whereas little perturbation of the polypeptide chain backbone is observed. One prominent difference between the variant and wild-type structures involves a substantial increase in the size of an already existing internal cavity adjacent to residue 67. This same cavity contains an internally bound water molecule (Wat166), which is found in all eukaryotic cytochromes c for which structures are available. In the reduced Y67F mutant protein a second water molecule (Wat300) is observed to reside in this enlarged internal cavity, assuming a position approximately equivalent to that of the hydroxyl group of Tyr67 in the wild-type protein. A further consequence of this mutation is the alteration of the hydrogen bond network between Tyr67, Wat166 and other nearby residues. This appears to be responsible for the absence of oxidation state dependent changes in polypeptide chain flexibility observed in the wild-type protein. Furthermore, loss of the normally resident Tyr67 OH to Met80 SD hydrogen bond leads to a significantly lower midpoint reduction potential. These results reaffirm proposals that both Tyr67 and Wat166 play a central role in stabilizing the alternative oxidation states of cytochrome c.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallization of Yeast Iso-2-Cytochrome C Using a Novel Hair Seeding Technique
      Leung, C.J.,Nall, B.T.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1989) J.Mol.Biol. 206: 783
    • Oxidation State-Dependent Conformational Changes in Cytochrome C
      Berghuis, A.M.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1992) J.Mol.Biol. 223: 959
    • High-Resolution Refinement of Yeast Iso-1-Cytochrome C and Comparisons with Other Eukaryotic Cytochromes C
      Louie, G.V.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1990) J.Mol.Biol. 214: 527
    • Role of Phenylalanine-82 in Yeast Iso-1-Cytochrome C and Remote Conformational Changes Induced by a Serine Residue at This Position
      Louie, G.V.,Pielak, G.J.,Smith, M.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1988) Biochemistry 27: 7870
    • A Polypeptide Chain-Refolding Event Occurs in the Gly82 Variant of Yeast Iso-1-Cytochrome C
      Louie, G.V.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1989) J.Mol.Biol. 210: 313
    • Yeast Iso-1-Cytochrome C. A 2.8 Angstrom Resolution Three-Dimensional Structure Determination
      Louie, G.V.,Hutcheon, W.L.B.,Brayer, G.D.
      (1988) J.Mol.Biol. 199: 295


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CYTOCHROME C
A
108Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: CYC1
Find proteins for P00044 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to Gene View: CYC1
Go to UniProtKB:  P00044
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
M3L
Query on M3L
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H21 N2 O2LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 36.460α = 90.00
b = 36.460β = 90.00
c = 136.710γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-07-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-21
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other