Cardiotoxin II from Taiwan cobra venom, Naja naja atra. Structure in solution and comparison among homologous cardiotoxins.Bhaskaran, R., Huang, C.C., Tsai, Y.C., Jayaraman, G., Chang, D.K., Yu, C.
(1994) J.Biol.Chem. 269: 23500-23508
- PubMed: 8089116
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The three-dimensional structure in solution of cardiotoxin II, a membrane toxin from the venom of Taiwan cobra, Naja naja atra, was determined using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and molecular modeling based on the hybrid distance geomet ...
The three-dimensional structure in solution of cardiotoxin II, a membrane toxin from the venom of Taiwan cobra, Naja naja atra, was determined using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and molecular modeling based on the hybrid distance geometry/dynamic simulated annealing technique. A complete sequence-specific proton assignment was obtained, and the secondary structures of the protein were determined from information on nuclear Overhauser effect connectivities, coupling constants, and hydrogen exchange were confirmed using the main-chain-directed strategy. Twelve simulated annealing structures found to be within a single family were selected based on the condition of distance constraint violation less than 0.02 nm and the dihedral angle violation less than 4 degrees. The average atomic root mean square deviation between the selected structures and their geometric average are 0.079 nm for the backbone atoms and 0.137 nm for all heavy atoms; they are 0.044 nm and 0.117 nm, respectively, when considering the secondary structural residues only. The molecule adopts a compact structure consisting of three major loops emerging from a globular head. These loops contain five strands to form double- and a triple-stranded antiparallel beta sheets. Comparisons are made between this structure and those of its homologous cardiotoxins in order to derive further information on their structural variations.
Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China.