1CL0

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF REDUCED THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.292 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of reduced thioredoxin reductase from Escherichia coli: structural flexibility in the isoalloxazine ring of the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor.

Lennon, B.W.Williams Jr., C.H.Ludwig, M.L.

(1999) Protein Sci. 8: 2366-2379

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.8.11.2366

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Catalysis by thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) from Escherichia coli requires alternation between two domain arrangements. One of these conformations has been observed by X-ray crystallography (Waksman G, Krishna TSR, Williams CH Jr, Kuriyan J, 1994, J Mo ...

    Catalysis by thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) from Escherichia coli requires alternation between two domain arrangements. One of these conformations has been observed by X-ray crystallography (Waksman G, Krishna TSR, Williams CH Jr, Kuriyan J, 1994, J Mol Biol 236:800-816). This form of TrxR, denoted FO, permits the reaction of enzyme-bound reduced FAD with a redox-active disulfide on TrxR. As part of an investigation of conformational changes and intermediates in catalysis by TrxR, an X-ray structure of the FO form of TrxR with both the FAD and active site disulfide reduced has been determined. Reduction after crystallization resulted in significant local conformation changes. The isoalloxazine ring of the FAD cofactor, which is essentially planar in the oxidized enzyme, assumes a 34 degree "butterfly" bend about the N(5)-N(10) axis in reduced TrxR. Theoretical calculations reported by others predict ring bending of 15-28 degrees for reduced isoalloxazines protonated at N(1). The large bending in reduced TrxR is attributed in part to steric interactions between the isoalloxazine ring and the sulfur of Cys138, formed by reduction of the active site disulfide, and is accompanied by changes in the positions and interactions of several of the ribityl side-chain atoms of FAD. The bending angle in reduced TrxR is larger than that for any flavoprotein in the Protein Data Bank. Distributions of bending angles in published oxidized and reduced flavoenzyme structures are different from those found in studies of free flavins, indicating that the protein environment has a significant effect on bending.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of Escherichia Coli Thioredoxin Redutase Refined at 2 A Resolution
      Waksman, G.,Krishna, T.S.R.,Williams Jr, C.H.,Kuriyan, J.
      (1994) J.Mol.Biol. 236: 800


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Chemistry, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE
A
320Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: trxB
EC: 1.8.1.9
Find proteins for P0A9P4 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A9P4
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.292 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 63 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 121.298α = 90.00
b = 121.298β = 90.00
c = 81.320γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-12-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance