The crystal structure of the complex of concanavalin A with 4'-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside.Hamodrakas, S.J., Kanellopoulos, P.N., Pavlou, K., Tucker, P.A.
(1997) J.Struct.Biol. 118: 23-30
- PubMed: 9087912
- DOI: 10.1006/jsbi.1996.3837
- PubMed Abstract:
- A Triclinic Crystal Form of the Lectin Concanavalin A
Kanellopoulos, P.N.,Tucker, P.A.,Pavlou, K.,Agianian, B.,Hamodrakas, S.J.
(1996) J.Struct.Biol. 117: 16
- The Crystal Structure of the Complexes of Concanavalin a with 4'-Nitrophenyl-Alpha-D-Mannopyranoside and 4'-Nitrophenyl-Alpha-D-Glucopyranoside
Kanellopoulos, P.N.,Pavlou, K.,Perrakis, A.,Agianian, B.,Vorgias, C.E.,Mavrommatis, C.,Soufi, M.,Tucker, P.A.,Hamodrakas, S.J.
(1996) J.Struct.Biol. 116: 345
Concanavalin A (Con A) is the best known plant lectin, with important biological properties arising from its specific saccharide-binding ability. Its exact biological role still remains unknown. The complex of Con A with 4'-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D ...
Concanavalin A (Con A) is the best known plant lectin, with important biological properties arising from its specific saccharide-binding ability. Its exact biological role still remains unknown. The complex of Con A with 4'-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside (alpha-MUG) has been crystallized in space group P2(1) with cell dimensions a = 81.62 A, b = 128.71 A, c = 82.23 A, and beta = 118.47 degrees. X-ray diffraction intensities to 2.78 A have been collected. The structure of the complex was solved by molecular replacement and refined by simulated annealing methods to a crystallographic R-factor value of 0.182 and a free-R-factor value of 0.216. The asymmetric unit contains four subunits arranged as a tetramer, with approximate 222 symmetry. A saccharide molecule is bound in the sugar-binding site at the surface of each subunit, with the nonsugar (aglycon) part adopting a different orientation in each subunit. The aglycon orientation, although probably determined by packing of tetramers in the crystal lattice, helps to characterize the orientation of the saccharide in the sugar-binding pocket. The structure is the best determined alpha-D-glucoside:Con A complex to date and the hydrogen bonding network in the saccharide-binding site can be described with some confidence and compared with that of the alpha-D-mannosides.
Department of Biology, Section of Cell Biology and Biophysics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Greece.