Structure and function of the catalytic site mutant Asp 99 Asn of phospholipase A2: absence of the conserved structural water.Kumar, A., Sekharudu, C., Ramakrishnan, B., Dupureur, C.M., Zhu, H., Tsai, M.D., Sundaralingam, M.
(1994) Protein Sci. 3: 2082-2088
- PubMed: 7703854
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560031121
- PubMed Abstract:
- Phospholipase A2 Engineering. X-Ray Structural and Functional Evidence for the Interaction of Lysine-56 with Substrates
Noel, J.P.,Bingman, C.A.,Deng, T.,Dupureur, C.M.,Hamilton, K.J.,Jiang, R.-T.,Kwak, J.-G.,Sekharudu, C.,Sundaralingam, M.,Tsai, M.-D.
(1991) Biochemistry 30: 11801
To probe the role of the Asp-99 ... His-48 pair in phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalysis, the X-ray structure and kinetic characterization of the mutant Asp-99-->Asn-99 (D99N) of bovine pancreatic PLA2 was undertaken. Crystals of D99N belong to the trigo ...
To probe the role of the Asp-99 ... His-48 pair in phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalysis, the X-ray structure and kinetic characterization of the mutant Asp-99-->Asn-99 (D99N) of bovine pancreatic PLA2 was undertaken. Crystals of D99N belong to the trigonal space group P3(1)21 and were isomorphous to the wild type (WT) (Noel JP et al., 1991, Biochemistry 30:11801-11811). The 1.9-A X-ray structure of the mutant showed that the carbonyl group of Asn-99 side chain is hydrogen bonded to His-48 in the same way as that of Asp-99 in the WT, thus retaining the tautomeric form of His-48 and the function of the enzyme. The NH2 group of Asn-99 points away from His-48. In contrast, in the D102N mutant of the protease enzyme trypsin, the NH2 group of Asn-102 is hydrogen bonded to His-57 resulting in the inactive tautomeric form and hence the loss of enzymatic activity. Although the geometry of the catalytic triad in the PLA2 mutant remains the same as in the WT, we were surprised that the conserved structural water, linking the catalytic site with the ammonium group of Ala-1 of the interfacial site, was ejected by the proximity of the NH2 group of Asn-99. The NH2 group now forms a direct hydrogen bond with the carbonyl group of Ala-1.
Department of Chemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.