Construction of a bisaquo heme enzyme and binding by exogenous ligands.McRee, D.E., Jensen, G.M., Fitzgerald, M.M., Siegel, H.A., Goodin, D.B.
(1994) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 91: 12847-12851
- PubMed: 7809133
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.91.26.12847
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Asp-His-Fe Triad of Cytochrome C Peroxidase Controls the Reduction Potential, Electronic Structure and Coupling of the Tryptophan Free-Radical to the Heme
Goodin, D.B.,Mcree, D.E.
(1993) Biochemistry 32: 3313
The crystal structure of the His-175-->Gly (H175G) mutant of cytochrome-c peroxidase (EC 184.108.40.206), missing its only heme ligand, reveals that the histidine is replaced by solvent to give a bisaquo heme protein. This protein retains some residual act ...
The crystal structure of the His-175-->Gly (H175G) mutant of cytochrome-c peroxidase (EC 220.127.116.11), missing its only heme ligand, reveals that the histidine is replaced by solvent to give a bisaquo heme protein. This protein retains some residual activity, which can be stimulated or inhibited by addition of exogenous ligands. Structural analysis confirms the binding of imidazole to the heme at the position of the wild-type histidine ligand. This imidazole complex reacts readily with hydrogen peroxide to produce a radical species with novel properties. However, reactivation in this complex is incomplete (approximately 5%), which, in view of the very similar structures of the wild-type and the H175G/imidazole forms, implies a critical role for tethering of the axial ligand in catalysis. This study demonstrates the feasibility of constructing heme enzymes with no covalent link to the protein and with unnatural ligand replacements. Such enzymes may prove useful in studies of electron transfer mechanisms and in the engineering of novel heme-based catalysts.
Department of Molecular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.