Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

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Structure of the mosquitocidal delta-endotoxin CytB from Bacillus thuringiensis sp. kyushuensis and implications for membrane pore formation.

Li, J.Koni, P.A.Ellar, D.J.

(1996) J Mol Biol 257: 129-152

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1996.0152
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The delta-endotoxin CytB, found in parasporal inclusions of Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kyushuensis, is a membrane pore-forming protein which is lethal to the larvae of Dipteran insects and broadly cytolytic in vitro. The crystal structure of CytB in the protoxin form has been determined by isomorphous replacement using heavy-atom derivatives of both the wild-type protein and an engineered cysteine mutant. The atomic model comprising residues 19 to 245 and 28 bound water molecules has been refined at 2.6 angstrom resolution to a crystallographic R-factor of 19.7% and a free R-factor of 26.1%. CytB has a single domain of alpha/beta architecture but a novel connectivity comprising two outer layers of alpha-helix hairpins wrapped around a mixed beta-sheet. In the protoxin form, CytB is a dimer linked by the intertwined N-terminal strands in a continuous, 12-stranded beta-sheet. Proteolytic processing cleaves the intertwined beta-strands to release the active CytB as a monomer, as well as removing the C-terminal tail to uncover the three-layered core. The homologous toxin CytA should show the same fold. Mutations in CytA that inhibit expression map to the dimer contacts and to the tip of helix pair A-B in contact with the sheet, apparently preventing correct folding. Mutations that inhibit toxicity map to the edge of the beta-sheet adjoining the helix pair C-D and to the sheet face, while mutations on the helix surfaces have no effect. Therefore segments forming the sheet, rather than the amphiphilic but short helices, are responsible for membrane binding and pore formation. A conformational change is postulated by which the helix pair C-D peels away from the sheet to lie on the membrane surface, while the sheet region rearranges to form an oligomeric trans-membrane pore.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DELTA-ENDOTOXIN CYTB259Bacillus thuringiensis serovar kyushuensisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cytBcyt2Aa1
Find proteins for Q04470 (Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kyushuensis)
Explore Q04470 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q04470
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ04470
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.81α = 90
b = 66.81β = 90
c = 170.79γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Released Date: 1996-10-14 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, J.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1996-10-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance