The BPTI decamer observed in acidic pH crystal forms pre-exists as a stable species in solution.Hamiaux, C., Perez, J., Prange, T., Veesler, S., Ries-Kautt, M., Vachette, P.
(2000) J.Mol.Biol. 297: 697-712
- PubMed: 10731422
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2000.3584
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Decamers Observed in the Crystals of Bovine Panreatic Trypsin Inhibitor
Lubkowski, J.,Wlodawer, A.
(1999) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 55: 335
- The Decameric Structure of Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (BPTI) Crystallized from Thiocyanate at 2.7A Resolution
Hamiaux, C.,Prange, T.,Ries-Kautt, M.,Ducruix, A.,Lafont, S.,Astier, J.P.,Veesler, S.
(1999) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 55: 103
Bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) crystallizes under acidic pH conditions in the presence of thiocyanate, chloride and sulfate ions, yielding three different polymorphs in P2(1), P6(4)22 and P6(3)22 space groups, respectively. In all three c ...
Bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) crystallizes under acidic pH conditions in the presence of thiocyanate, chloride and sulfate ions, yielding three different polymorphs in P2(1), P6(4)22 and P6(3)22 space groups, respectively. In all three crystal forms, the same decamer is found in the packing (ten BPTI molecules organized through two perpendicular 2-fold and 5-fold axes as a well-defined and compact object) in contrast to the monomeric crystal forms observed at basic pH conditions. The crystallization of BPTI under acidic conditions (pH 4.5) was investigated by small angle X-ray scattering with both under- and supersaturated BPTI solutions. Data showed the oligomerization of BPTI molecules under all investigated conditions. Accordingly, various mixtures of discrete oligomers (n=1 to 10) were considered. Calculated scattering curves were obtained using models based on the crystallographic structures, and the experimental patterns were analyzed as a linear combination of the model curves using a non-linear curve fitting procedure. The results, confirmed by gel filtration experiments, unambiguously demonstrate the co-existence of two different BPTI particles in solution: a monomer and a decamer, with no evidence of any other intermediates. Moreover, using both approaches, the fraction of decamers was found to increase with increasing salt concentration, even beyond the solubility curve. We therefore propose that at acidic pH, BPTI crystallizes following a two step process: decamers are first built in under- and supersaturated solutions, upon which crystal growth proceeds by decamer stacking. Indeed, those BPTI crystals should best be described as "BPTI decamer" crystals.
LURE (CNRS-CEA-MENRT), Centre Universitaire Paris-Sud, Bât 209 D, B. P. 34, Orsay Cedex, 91898, France. firstname.lastname@example.org