The structure of a tunicate C-type lectin from Polyandrocarpa misakiensis complexed with D -galactose.Poget, S.F., Legge, G.B., Proctor, M.R., Butler, P.J., Bycroft, M., Williams, R.L.
(1999) J.Mol.Biol. 290: 867-879
- PubMed: 10398588
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.2910
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1TLG
- PubMed Abstract:
- A Calcium-Dependent Galactose-Binding Lectin from the Tunicate Polyandrocarpa Misakiensis. Isolation, Characterization, and Amino Acid Sequence
Suzuki, T.,Takagi, T.,Furukohri, T.,Kawamura, K.,Nakauchi, M.
(1990) J.Biol.Chem. 265: 1274
- Expression of Genes for 2 C-Type Lectins During Budding of the Ascidian Polyandrocarpa-Misakiensis
Shimada, M.,Fujiwara, S.,Kawamura, K.
(1995) Roux's Arch.Dev.Biol. 204: 406
- Budding-Specific Lectin Induced in Epithelial Cells is an Extracellular Matrix Component for Stem Cell Aggregation in Tunicates
Kawamura, K.,Fujiwara, S.,Sugino, Y.M.
(1991) DEVELOPMENT 113: 995
C-type lectins are calcium-dependent carbohydrate-recognising proteins. Isothermal titration calorimetry of the C-type Polyandrocarpa lectin (TC14) from the tunicate Polyandrocarpa misakiensis revealed the presence of a single calcium atom per monome ...
C-type lectins are calcium-dependent carbohydrate-recognising proteins. Isothermal titration calorimetry of the C-type Polyandrocarpa lectin (TC14) from the tunicate Polyandrocarpa misakiensis revealed the presence of a single calcium atom per monomer with a dissociation constant of 2.6 microM, and confirmed the specificity of TC14 for D -galactose and related monosaccharides. We have determined the 2.2 A X-ray crystal structure of Polyandrocarpa lectin complexed with D -galactose. Analytical ultracentrifugation revealed that TC14 behaves as a dimer in solution. This is reflected by the presence of two molecules in the asymmetric unit with the dimeric interface formed by antiparallel pairing of the two N-terminal beta-strands and hydrophobic interactions. TC14 adopts a typical C-type lectin fold with differences in structure from other C-type lectins mainly in the diverse loop regions and in the second alpha-helix, which is involved in the formation of the dimeric interface. The D -galactose is bound through coordination of the 3 and 4-hydroxyl oxygen atoms with a bound calcium atom. Additional hydrogen bonds are formed directly between serine, aspartate and glutamate side-chains of the protein and the sugar 3 and 4-hydroxyl groups. Comparison of the galactose binding by TC14 with the mannose binding by rat mannose-binding protein reveals how monosaccharide specificity is achieved in this lectin. A tryptophan side-chain close to the binding site and the distribution of hydrogen-bond acceptors and donors around the 3 and 4-hydroxyl groups of the sugar are essential determinants of specificity. These elements are, however, arranged in a very different way than in an engineered galactose-specific mutant of MBPA. Possible biological functions can more easily be understood from the fact that TC14 is a dimer under physiological conditions.
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