Structure of type IIbeta phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase: a protein kinase fold flattened for interfacial phosphorylation.Rao, V.D., Misra, S., Boronenkov, I.V., Anderson, R.A., Hurley, J.H.
(1998) Cell 94: 829-839
- PubMed: 9753329
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81741-9
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Phosphoinositide kinases play central roles in signal transduction by phosphorylating the inositol ring at specific positions. The structure of one such enzyme, type IIbeta phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase, reveals a protein kinase ATP-binding core and demonstrates that all phosphoinositide kinases belong to one superfamily. The enzyme is a disc-shaped homodimer with a 33 x 48 A basic flat face that suggests an electrostatic mechanism for plasma membrane targeting. Conserved basic residues form a putative phosphatidylinositol phosphate specificity site. The substrate-binding site is open on one side, consistent with dual specificity for phosphatidylinositol 3- and 5-phosphates. A modeled complex with membrane-bound substrate and ATP shows how a phosphoinositide kinase can phosphorylate its substrate in situ at the membrane interface.
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-0580, USA.