1BNC

THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE BIOTIN CARBOXYLASE SUBUNIT OF ACETYL-COA CARBOXYLASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Three-dimensional structure of the biotin carboxylase subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase.

Waldrop, G.L.Rayment, I.Holden, H.M.

(1994) Biochemistry 33: 10249-10256

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00200a004
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BNC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is found in all animals, plants, and bacteria and catalyzes the first committed step in fatty acid synthesis. It is a multicomponent enzyme containing a biotin carboxylase activity, a biotin carboxyl carrier protein, and a carb ...

    Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is found in all animals, plants, and bacteria and catalyzes the first committed step in fatty acid synthesis. It is a multicomponent enzyme containing a biotin carboxylase activity, a biotin carboxyl carrier protein, and a carboxyltransferase functionality. Here we report the X-ray structure of the biotin carboxylase component from Escherichia coli determined to 2.4-A resolution. The structure was solved by a combination of multiple isomorphous replacement and electron density modification procedures. The overall fold of the molecule may be described in terms of three structural domains. The N-terminal region, formed by Met 1-Ile 103, adopts a dinucleotide binding motif with five strands of parallel beta-sheet flanked on either side by alpha-helices. The "B-domain" extends from the main body of the subunit where it folds into two alpha-helical regions and three strands of beta-sheet. Following the excursion into the B-domain, the polypeptide chain folds back into the body of the protein where it forms an eight-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet. In addition to this major secondary structural element, the C-terminal domain also contains a smaller three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet and seven alpha-helices. The active site of the enzyme has been identified tentatively by a difference Fourier map calculated between X-ray data from the native crystals and from crystals soaked in a Ag+/biotin complex. Those amino acid residues believed to form part of the active site pocket include His 209-Glu 211, His 236-Glu 241, Glu 276, Ile 287-Glu 296, and Arg 338.2+ represents the first X-ray model of a biotin-dependent carboxylase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Enzyme Research, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
BIOTIN CARBOXYLASEAB449Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
EC: 6.3.4.14 (PDB Primary Data), 6.4.1.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P24182 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P24182 
Go to UniProtKB:  P24182
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.9α = 90
b = 96.1β = 90
c = 180.6γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-08-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Derived calculations, Other