Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

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Crystal structure of the NK1 fragment of human hepatocyte growth factor at 2.0 A resolution.

Ultsch, M.Lokker, N.A.Godowski, P.J.de Vos, A.M.

(1998) Structure 6: 1383-1393

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0969-2126(98)00138-5
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a mitogen for hepatocytes and has also been implicated as an epithelial morphogen in tumor invasion. HGF activates its specific cellular receptor, c-met, through an aggregation mechanism potentiated by heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans. HGF consists of an N-terminal (N) domain, four kringle domains (the first of which carries receptor-binding determinants), and an inactive serine-protease-like domain. NK1, a naturally occurring fragment of HGF, acts as an antagonist of HGF in the absence of heparin. The N domain of NK1 consists of a central five-stranded antiparallel beta sheet flanked by an alpha helix and a two-stranded beta ribbon. The overall N domain structure in the context of the NK1 fragment is similar to the structure of the isolated domain; two lysines and an arginine residue coordinate a bound sulfate ion. The NK1 kringle domain is homologous to kringle 4 from plasminogen, except that the lysine-binding pocket is altered by the insertion of a glycine residue. Here, a HEPES molecule is bound in the pocket. The asymmetric unit of the crystal contains a 'head-to-tail' NK1 dimer. We use this dimer to propose a model of the NK2 fragment of HGF. A cluster of exposed lysine and arginine residues in or near the hairpin-loop region of the N domain might form part of the NK1 heparin-binding site. In our NK2 model, both kringle domains pack loosely against the N domain, and a long, positively charged groove lines the interface. This groove might be involved in glycosaminoglycan binding. The HGF receptor-binding determinants are clustered near the binding pocket of the first kringle domain, opposite the N domain.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Protein Engineering Genentech, Inc. 460 Point San Bruno Boulevard South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B
176Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P14210 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P14210 
Go to UniProtKB:  P14210
PHAROS:  P14210
GTEx:  ENSG00000019991 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP14210
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.32α = 90
b = 88.32β = 90
c = 117.284γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1998-11-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance