1BFP

BLUE VARIANT OF GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure and photodynamic behavior of the blue emission variant Y66H/Y145F of green fluorescent protein.

Wachter, R.M.King, B.A.Heim, R.Kallio, K.Tsien, R.Y.Boxer, S.G.Remington, S.J.

(1997) Biochemistry 36: 9759-9765

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi970563w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BFP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of a blue emission variant (Y66H/Y145F) of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein has been determined by molecular replacement and the model refined. The crystallographic R-factor is 18.1% for all data from 20 to 2.1 A, ...

    The crystal structure of a blue emission variant (Y66H/Y145F) of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein has been determined by molecular replacement and the model refined. The crystallographic R-factor is 18.1% for all data from 20 to 2.1 A, and the model geometry is excellent. The chromophore is non-native and is autocatalytically generated from the internal tripeptide Ser65-His66-Gly67. The final electron density maps indicate that the formation of the chromophore is complete, including 1,2 dehydration of His66 as indicated by the planarity of the chromophore. The chromophore is in the cis conformation, with no evidence for any substantial fraction of the trans configuration or uncyclized apoprotein, and is well-shielded from bulk solvent by the folded protein. These characteristics indicate that the machinery for production of the chromophore from a buried tripeptide unit is not only intact but also highly efficient in spite of a major change in chromophore chemical structure. Nevertheless, there are significant rearrangements in the hydrogen bond configuration around the chromophore as compared to wild-type, indicating flexibility of the active site. pH titration of the intact protein and the chromopeptide (pKa1 = 4.9 +/- 0.1, pKa2 = 12.0 +/- 0.1) suggests that the predominant form of the chromophore in the intact protein is electrically neutral. In contrast to the wild-type protein [Chattoraj, M., King, B. A., Bublitz, G. U., & Boxer, S. G. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 8362-8367], femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion spectroscopy of the intact protein and a partially deuterated form strongly suggests that excited-state proton transfer is not coupled to fluorescence emission.


    Related Citations: 
    • Engineering Green Fluorescent Protein for Improved Brightness, Longer Wavelengths and Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer
      Heim, R., Tsien, R.Y.
      (1996) Curr Biol 6: 178

    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology, Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
BLUE FLUORESCENT PROTEINA236Aequorea victoriaMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: GFP
Find proteins for P42212 (Aequorea victoria)
Explore P42212 
Go to UniProtKB:  P42212
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
IIC
Query on IIC
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC11 H15 N5 O4SER, HIS, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.01α = 90
b = 63.09β = 90
c = 69.18γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement
DATACdata reduction
SCALE1data scaling
TNTphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1997-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance