1B6V

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A HYBRID BETWEEN RIBONUCLEASE A AND BOVINE SEMINAL RIBONUCLEASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of a hybrid between ribonuclease A and bovine seminal ribonuclease--the basic surface, at 2.0 A resolution.

Vatzaki, E.H.Allen, S.C.Leonidas, D.D.Trautwein-Fritz, K.Stackhouse, J.Benner, S.A.Acharya, K.R.

(1999) Eur.J.Biochem. 260: 176-182


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A variant of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A has been prepared with seven amino acid substitutions (Q55K, N62K, A64T, Y76K, S80R, E111G, N113K). These substitutions recreate in RNase A the basic surface found in bovine seminal RNase, a homologue of ...

    A variant of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A has been prepared with seven amino acid substitutions (Q55K, N62K, A64T, Y76K, S80R, E111G, N113K). These substitutions recreate in RNase A the basic surface found in bovine seminal RNase, a homologue of pancreatic RNase that diverged some 35 million years ago. Substitution of a portion of this basic surface (positions 55, 62, 64, 111 and 113) enhances the immunosuppressive activity of the RNase variant, activity found in native seminal RNase, while substitution of another portion (positions 76 and 80) attenuates the activity. Further, introduction of Gly at position 111 has been shown to increase the catalytic activity of RNase against double-stranded RNA. The variant and the wild-type (recombinant) protein were crystallized and their structures determined to a resolution of 2.0 A. Each of the mutated amino acids is seen in the electron density map. The main change observed in the mutant structure compared with the wild-type is the region encompassing residues 16-22, where the structure is more disordered. This loop is the region where the polypeptide chain of RNase A is cleaved by subtilisin to form RNase S, and undergoes conformational change to allow residues 1-20 of the RNase to swap between subunits in the covalent seminal RNase dimer.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RIBONUCLEASE
A, B
124Bos taurusGene Names: RNASE1 (RNS1)
EC: 3.1.27.5
Find proteins for P61823 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: RNASE1
Go to UniProtKB:  P61823
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 29.020α = 90.00
b = 75.660β = 101.15
c = 53.930γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORrefinement
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-06-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance