Structure of glucoamylase from Saccharomycopsis fibuligera at 1.7 A resolution.Sevcik, J., Solovicova, A., Hostinova, E., Gasperik, J., Wilson, K.S., Dauter, Z.
(1998) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 54: 854-866
- PubMed: 9757101
- PubMed Abstract:
The yeast Saccharomycopsis fibuligera produces a glucoamylase which belongs to sequence family 15 of glycosyl hydrolases. The structure of the non-glycosyl-ated recombinant enzyme has been determined by molecular replacement and refined against 1.7 A ...
The yeast Saccharomycopsis fibuligera produces a glucoamylase which belongs to sequence family 15 of glycosyl hydrolases. The structure of the non-glycosyl-ated recombinant enzyme has been determined by molecular replacement and refined against 1.7 A resolution synchrotron data to an R factor of 14.6%. This is the first report of the three-dimensional structure of a yeast family 15 glucoamylase. The refinement from the initial molecular-replacement model was not straightforward. It involved the use of an unrestrained automated refinement procedure (uARP) in combination with the maximum-likelihood refinement program REFMAC. The enzyme consists of 492 amino-acid residues and has 14 alpha-helices, 12 of which form an (alpha/alpha)6 barrel. It contains a single catalytic domain but no starch-binding domain. The fold of the molecule and the active site are compared to the known structure of the catalytic domain of a fungal family 15 glucoamylase and are shown to be closely similar. The active- and specificity-site residues are especially highly conserved. The model of the acarbose inhibitor from the analysis of the fungal enzyme fits tightly into the present structure. The active-site topology is a pocket and hydrolysis proceeds with inversion of the configuration at the anomeric carbon. The enzyme acts as an exo-glycosyl hydrolase. There is a Tris [2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol] molecule acting as an inhibitor in the active-site pocket.
Institute of Molecular Biology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.