1AUK

HUMAN ARYLSULFATASE A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of human arylsulfatase A: the aldehyde function and the metal ion at the active site suggest a novel mechanism for sulfate ester hydrolysis.

Lukatela, G.Krauss, N.Theis, K.Selmer, T.Gieselmann, V.von Figura, K.Saenger, W.

(1998) Biochemistry 37: 3654-3664

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9714924

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human lysosomal arylsulfatase A (ASA) is a prototype member of the sulfatase family. These enzymes require the posttranslational oxidation of the -CH2SH group of a conserved cysteine to an aldehyde, yielding a formylglycine. Without this modification ...

    Human lysosomal arylsulfatase A (ASA) is a prototype member of the sulfatase family. These enzymes require the posttranslational oxidation of the -CH2SH group of a conserved cysteine to an aldehyde, yielding a formylglycine. Without this modification sulfatases are catalytically inactive, as revealed by a lysosomal storage disorder known as multiple sulfatase deficiency. The 2.1 A resolution X-ray crystal structure shows an ASA homooctamer composed of a tetramer of dimers, (alpha 2)4. The alpha/beta fold of the monomer has significant structural analogy to another hydrolytic enzyme, the alkaline phosphatase, and superposition of these two structures shows that the active centers are located in largely identical positions. The functionally essential formylglycine is located in a positively charged pocket and acts as ligand to an octahedrally coordinated metal ion interpreted as Mg2+. The electron density at the formylglycine suggests the presence of a 2-fold disordered aldehyde group with the possible contribution of an aldehyde hydrate, -CH(OH)2, with gem-hydroxyl groups. In the proposed catalytic mechanism, the aldehyde accepts a water molecule to form a hydrate. One of the two hydroxyl groups hydrolyzes the substrate sulfate ester via a transesterification step, resulting in a covalent intermediate. The second hydroxyl serves to eliminate sulfate under inversion of configuration through C-O cleavage and reformation of the aldehyde. This study provides the structural basis for understanding a novel mechanism of ester hydrolysis and explains the functional importance of the unusually modified amino acid.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Kristallographie, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ARYLSULFATASE A
A
489Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARSA
EC: 3.1.6.8
Find proteins for P15289 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ARSA
Go to UniProtKB:  P15289
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NDG
Query on NDG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-(ACETYLAMINO)-2-DEOXY-A-D-GLUCOPYRANOSE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-PVFLNQBWSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
FGL
Query on FGL
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H5 N O4GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 132.630α = 90.00
b = 132.630β = 90.00
c = 192.060γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORrefinement
REFMACrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-03-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-01-25
    Type: Derived calculations