1ADS

AN UNLIKELY SUGAR SUBSTRATE SITE IN THE 1.65 ANGSTROMS STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN ALDOSE REDUCTASE HOLOENZYME IMPLICATED IN DIABETIC COMPLICATIONS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

An unlikely sugar substrate site in the 1.65 A structure of the human aldose reductase holoenzyme implicated in diabetic complications.

Wilson, D.K.Bohren, K.M.Gabbay, K.H.Quiocho, F.A.

(1992) Science 257: 81-84


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aldose reductase, which catalyzes the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent reduction of a wide variety of aromatic and aliphatic carbonyl compounds, is implicated in the development of diabetic and galactosemi ...

    Aldose reductase, which catalyzes the reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent reduction of a wide variety of aromatic and aliphatic carbonyl compounds, is implicated in the development of diabetic and galactosemic complications involving the lens, retina, nerves, and kidney. A 1.65 angstrom refined structure of a recombinant human placenta aldose reductase reveals that the enzyme contains a parallel beta 8/alpha 8-barrel motif and establishes a new motif for NADP-binding oxidoreductases. The substrate-binding site is located in a large, deep elliptical pocket at the COOH-terminal end of the beta barrel with a bound NADPH in an extended conformation. The highly hydrophobic nature of the active site pocket greatly favors aromatic and apolar substrates over highly polar monosaccharides. The structure should allow for the rational design of specific inhibitors that might provide molecular understanding of the catalytic mechanism, as well as possible therapeutic agents.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ALDOSE REDUCTASE
A
315Homo sapiensGene Names: AKR1B1 (ALDR1)
EC: 1.1.1.21
Find proteins for P15121 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AKR1B1
Go to UniProtKB:  P15121
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.000α = 90.00
b = 67.120β = 90.00
c = 92.020γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance