1ABJ

STRUCTURE OF THE HIRULOG 3-THROMBIN COMPLEX AND NATURE OF THE S' SUBSITES OF SUBSTRATES AND INHIBITORS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.144 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the hirulog 3-thrombin complex and nature of the S' subsites of substrates and inhibitors.

Qiu, X.Padmanabhan, K.P.Carperos, V.E.Tulinsky, A.Kline, T.Maraganore, J.M.Fenton 2nd., J.W.

(1992) Biochemistry 31: 11689-11697

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00162a004
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1ABI, 1ABJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The X-ray crystallographic structure of the human alpha-thrombin complex with hirulog 3 (a potent, noncleavable hirudin-based peptide of the "hirulog" class containing a beta-homoarginine at the scissile bond), which is isomorphous with that of the h ...

    The X-ray crystallographic structure of the human alpha-thrombin complex with hirulog 3 (a potent, noncleavable hirudin-based peptide of the "hirulog" class containing a beta-homoarginine at the scissile bond), which is isomorphous with that of the hirugen-thrombin crystal structure, was solved at 2.3-A resolution by starting with a model for thrombin derived from the hirugen-thrombin complex and was refined by restrained least squares methods (R = 0.132). Residues of hirulog 3 were well-defined in the electron density, which included most of the pentaglycine linker and the C-terminal helical turn that was disordered in a related structure of thrombin with hirulog 1. The interactions of D-Phe1'-Pro2'-beta-homoArg3' with the active site of thrombin were essentially identical to those of related structures of PPACK- (D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethyl ketone) and hirulog 1-thrombin, with the guanidinium function of the arginyl P1 residue forming a hydrogen-bonding ion pair with Asp189 of the S1 site. A noticeable shift in the CA atom of beta-homoArg3' due to the methylene insertion displaces the scissile bond from attack by Ser195, thus imparting proteolytic stability to the beta-homoArg hirulog derivative. Resolution of the pentaglycine spacer, linking N- and C-terminal functional domains into a single oligopeptide bivalent inhibitor, permitted delineation of corresponding S' subsites of thrombin. The position of Gly4' (P1') is stabilized by three hydrogen bonds with His57, Lys60F, and Ser195, while the conformational angles maintained in a strained, nonallowed configuration for non-glycyl amino acids.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of the Hirugen and Hirulog 1 Complexes of Alpha-Thrombin
      Skrzypczak-Jankun, E., Carperos, V., Ravichandran, K.G., Tulinsky, A., Westbrook, M., Maraganore, J.M.
      (1991) J Mol Biol 221: 1379
    • The Structure of a Complex of Recombinant Hirudin and Human Alpha-Thrombin
      Rydel, T.J., Ravichandran, K.G., Tulinsky, A., Bode, W., Huber, R., Roitsch, C., Fenton II, J.W.
      (1990) Science 249: 277
    • The Refined 1.9 Angstroms Crystal Structure of Human Alpha-Thrombin: Interaction with D-Phe-Pro-Arg Chloromethylketone and Significance of the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp Insertion Segment
      Bode, W., Mayr, I., Baumann, U., Huber, R., Stone, S.R., Hofsteenge, J.
      (1989) EMBO J 8: 3467

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1322.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (SMALL SUBUNIT)L36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (LARGE SUBUNIT)H259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
0G6
Query on 0G6

Download CCD File 
H
D-phenylalanyl-N-[(2S,3S)-6-{[amino(iminio)methyl]amino}-1-chloro-2-hydroxyhexan-3-yl]-L-prolinamide
C21 H34 Cl N6 O3
DVFLYEYCMMLBTQ-VSZNYVQBSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 3
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000020 (0G6)
Query on PRD_000020
HD-Phe-Pro-Arg-CH2ClPeptide-like /  Inhibitor

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.144 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.26α = 90
b = 68.02β = 90
c = 61.22γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1992-08-24 
  • Released Date: 1994-01-31 
  • Deposition Author(s): Qiu, X., Tulinsky, A.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1994-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-10
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-02-27
    Changes: Other