1A1S

ORNITHINE CARBAMOYLTRANSFERASE FROM PYROCOCCUS FURIOSUS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The crystal structure of Pyrococcus furiosus ornithine carbamoyltransferase reveals a key role for oligomerization in enzyme stability at extremely high temperatures.

Villeret, V.Clantin, B.Tricot, C.Legrain, C.Roovers, M.Stalon, V.Glansdorff, N.Van Beeumen, J.

(1998) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 95: 2801-2806


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Pyrococcus furiosus (PF) ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OTCase; EC 2.1.3.3) is an extremely heat-stable enzyme that maintains about 50% of its activity after heat treatment for 60 min at 100 degrees C. To understand the molecular basis of thermo ...

    The Pyrococcus furiosus (PF) ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OTCase; EC 2.1.3.3) is an extremely heat-stable enzyme that maintains about 50% of its activity after heat treatment for 60 min at 100 degrees C. To understand the molecular basis of thermostability of this enzyme, we have determined its three-dimensional structure at a resolution of 2.7 A and compared it with the previously reported structures of OTCases isolated from mesophilic bacteria. Most OTCases investigated up to now are homotrimeric and devoid of allosteric properties. A striking exception is the catabolic OTCase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is allosterically regulated and built up of four trimers disposed in a tetrahedral manner, an architecture that actually underlies the allostery of the enzyme. We now report that the thermostable PF OTCase (420 kDa) presents the same 23-point group symmetry. The enzyme displays Michaelis-Menten kinetics. A detailed comparison of the two enzymes suggests that, in OTCases, not only allostery but also thermophily was achieved through oligomerization of a trimer as a common catalytic motif. Thermal stabilization of the PF OTCase dodecamer is mainly the result of hydrophobic interfaces between trimers, at positions where allosteric binding sites have been identified in the allosteric enzyme. The present crystallographic analysis of PF OTCase provides a structural illustration that oligomerization can play a major role in extreme thermal stabilization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratorium voor Eiwitbiochemie en Eiwitengineering, Universiteit Gent, Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ORNITHINE CARBAMOYLTRANSFERASE
A
314Pyrococcus furiosus (strain ATCC 43587 / DSM 3638 / JCM 8422 / Vc1)Gene Names: argF
EC: 2.1.3.3
Find proteins for Q51742 (Pyrococcus furiosus (strain ATCC 43587 / DSM 3638 / JCM 8422 / Vc1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q51742
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: F 2 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 186.800α = 90.00
b = 186.800β = 90.00
c = 186.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-06-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance