G protein-bound conformation of mastoparan-X: heteronuclear multidimensional transferred nuclear overhauser effect analysis of peptide uniformly enriched with 13C and 15N.Kusunoki, H., Wakamatsu, K., Sato, K., Miyazawa, T., Kohno, T.
(1998) Biochemistry 37: 4782-4790
- PubMed: 9537994
- DOI: 10.1021/bi972756p
- PubMed Abstract:
Mastoparans, a family of tetradecapeptides from wasp venom, have been used as convenient low molecular weight models of receptors coupled to GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) for the understanding of the interaction between G proteins and ...
Mastoparans, a family of tetradecapeptides from wasp venom, have been used as convenient low molecular weight models of receptors coupled to GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) for the understanding of the interaction between G proteins and receptors. Sukumar and Higashijima have analyzed the conformation of mastoparan-X (MP-X) bound to the G protein alpha-subunit using proton two-dimensional transferred nuclear Overhauser effect (TRNOE) spectroscopy [Sukumar, M., and Higashijima, T. (1992) J. Biol. Chem., 267, 21421-21424]. The resultant structure, however, was not well-defined due to severe overlap of peptide proton resonances. To determine the G protein-bound conformation of MP-X in detail, we have analyzed this interaction by heteronuclear multidimensional TRNOE experiments of MP-X uniformly enriched with 15N and/or 13C. By solving the overlap problem, we were able to determine the precise conformation of MP-X bound to Gi1alpha: the peptide adopts an amphiphilic alpha-helix from Trp3 to C-terminal Leu14, and the atomic root-mean-square deviation (rmsd) values in this portion about the averaged coordinates were 0.27 +/- 0.07 A for the backbone atoms (N, Calpha, C') and 0.84 +/- 0.16 A for all heavy atoms. These values are much smaller than the corresponding rmsd values of the structures obtained from the proton 2D TRNOE spectrum alone: 1.70 +/- 0.41 A for the backbone atoms (N, Calpha, C') and 2.84 +/- 0.51 A for all heavy atoms. Our results indicate that the heteronuclear multidimensional TRNOE experiments of peptides uniformly enriched with stable isotopes are a very powerful tool for analyzing the conformation of short peptides bound to large proteins. We will also discuss the structure-activity relationships of mastoparans in activating G proteins on the basis of the precise structure of MP-X bound to Gi1alpha.
Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Sciences, Minamiooya, Machida-shi, Tokyo 194, Japan.