Solution structure of the mithramycin dimer-DNA complex.Sastry, M., Patel, D.J.
(1993) Biochemistry 32: 6588-6604
- PubMed: 8329387
- PubMed Abstract:
We have characterized the NMR parameters for the complexes formed by the Mg(2+)-coordinated mithramycin dimer with self-complementary d(T-G-G-C-C-A) and d(T-C-G-C-G-A) duplexes. The solution structure of the latter complex has been determined using a ...
We have characterized the NMR parameters for the complexes formed by the Mg(2+)-coordinated mithramycin dimer with self-complementary d(T-G-G-C-C-A) and d(T-C-G-C-G-A) duplexes. The solution structure of the latter complex has been determined using a combined NMR-molecular dynamics study including relaxation matrix refinement. The Mg(2+)-coordinated mithramycin dimer-d(T-C-G-C-G-A) complex exhibits a 2-fold center of symmetry with the divalent cation coordinated aglycons positioned opposite the central (G3-C4).(G3-C4) segment such that the aglycon C8 hydroxyl oxygens form symmetrical sequence-specific hydrogen bonds to guanine amino protons in the complex. The C-D-E trisaccharide segments of each monomer in the mithramycin dimer adopt extended conformations, are positioned inside the minor groove, and are directed toward either end of the duplex. The C-D saccharide component of one monomer and the aglycon of the other monomer in the mithramycin dimer share a widened minor groove with the hydrophobic edges of the C and D sugars interacting with individual strands of the duplex. The E-sugar ring is positioned in the floor of the minor groove, and its hydroxyl-bearing face interacts with both strands of the duplex through hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic intermolecular interactions. The A-B disaccharide and the hydrophilic side chain form intermolecular contacts with the sugar-phosphate backbone in the complex. The antiparallel alignment of divalent cation coordinated monomers in the mithramycin dimer results in the two outwardly directed C-D-E trisaccharide segments generating a right-handed continuous hexasaccharide domain that spans six base pairs in the minor groove of the duplex. The solution structure of the mithramycin dimer-DNA complex reported in this study and the solution structure of the chromomycin dimer-DNA complex reported previously [Gao, X., Mirau, P., & Patel, D. J. (1992) J. Mol. Biol. 223, 259-279] show global similarities, as well as local differences that are of interest. All four nucleotides in the tetranucleotide segment of the duplex centered about the sequence-specific (G-C).(G-C) step adopt A-DNA sugar puckers and glycosidic torsion angles in the chromomycin dimer-DNA complex, while only the central cytidine adopts an A-DNA sugar pucker and glycosidic torsion angle in the mithramycin dimer-DNA complex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.