Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted 

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This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Solution structure of the human telomeric repeat d[AG3(T2AG3)3] G-tetraplex.

Wang, Y.Patel, D.J.

(1993) Structure 1: 263-282

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0969-2126(93)90015-9
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Repeats of Gn sequences are detected as single strand overhangs at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes together with associated binding proteins. Such telomere sequences have been implicated in the replication and maintenance of chromosomal termini. They may also mediate chromosomal organization and association during meiosis and mitosis. We have determined the three-dimensional solution structure of the human telomere sequence, d[AG3(T2AG3)3] in Na(+)-containing solution using a combined NMR, distance geometry and molecular dynamics approach (including relaxation matrix refinement). The sequence, which contains four AG3 repeats, folds intramolecularly into a G-tetraplex stabilized by three stacked G-tetrads which are connected by two lateral loops and a central diagonal loop. Of the four grooves that are formed, one is wide, two are of medium width and one is narrow. The alignment of adjacent G-G-G segments in parallel generates the two grooves of medium width whilst the antiparallel arrangement results in one wide and one narrow groove. Three of the four adenines stack on top of adjacent G-tetrads while the majority of the thymines sample multiple conformations. The availability of the d[AG3(T2AG3)3] solution structure containing four AG3 human telomeric repeats should permit the rational design of ligands that recognize and bind with specificity and affinity to the individual grooves of the G-tetraplex, as well as to either end containing the diagonal and lateral loops. Such ligands could modulate the equilibrium between folded G-tetraplex structures and their unfolded extended counterparts.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.


Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains LengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(*AP*GP*GP*GP*TP*TP*AP*GP*GP*GP*TP*TP*AP*GP*GP*GP*TP*TP*AP*GP*GP*G)-3')22synthetic construct
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1994-04-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-02-16
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2023-03-29
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.5: 2024-05-22
    Changes: Data collection