Chemical Component Summary

Name5-ethyl-5-phenylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione
SynonymsPhenobarbital
Identifiers5-ethyl-5-phenyl-1,3-diazinane-2,4,6-trione
FormulaC12 H12 N2 O3
Molecular Weight232.24
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCCC1(C(=O)NC(=O)NC1=O)c2ccccc2
InChIInChI=1S/C12H12N2O3/c1-2-12(8-6-4-3-5-7-8)9(15)13-11(17)14-10(12)16/h3-7H,2H2,1H3,(H2,13,14,15,16,17)
InChIKeyDDBREPKUVSBGFI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count29
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count30
Aromatic Bond Count6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01174 
NamePhenobarbital
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionA barbituric acid derivative that acts as a nonselective central nervous system depressant. It promotes binding to inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid subtype receptors, and modulates chloride currents through receptor channels. It also inhibits glutamate induced depolarizations.
Synonyms
  • Phenobarbitone
  • Phenylethylmalonylurea
  • Phenobarbital
  • 5-Phenyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid
  • 5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid
Brand Names
  • Dilantin W Phenobarbital 15mg
  • Se-donna Pb Hyos
  • Diclophen
  • Belladonna Alkaloids with Phenobartbital
  • Phenobarbital Tab 15mg
IndicationFor the treatment of all types of seizures except absence seizures.
Categories
  • Anticholinergic Agents
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Barbiturates
  • Barbiturates and Derivatives
  • BSEP/ABCB11 inducers
ATC-Code
  • N05CB01
  • N03AA02
CAS number50-06-6

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1MRKSPGLSDCLWAWILLLSTLTGRSYGQPSLQDELKDNTTVFTRILDRLL...unknownpotentiator
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4MELGGPGAPRLLPPLLLLLGTGLLRASSHVETRAHAEERLLKKLFSGYNK...unknownantagonist
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7MRCSPGGVWLALAASLLHVSLQGEFQRKLYKELVKNYNPLERPVANDSQP...unknownantagonist
Glutamate receptor 2MQKIMHISVLLSPVLWGLIFGVSSNSIQIGGLFPRGADQEYSAFRVGMVQ...unknownantagonist
Glutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2MKIIFPILSNPVFRRTVKLLLCLLWIGYSQGTTHVLRFGGIFEYVESGPM...unknownantagonist
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDVECVEH
PubChem4763
ChEBICHEBI:8069
ChEMBLCHEMBL40