Chemical Component Summary

Namepropane-1,2,3-triyl trinitrate
Synonymsnitroglycerin
Identifiers1,3-dinitrooxypropan-2-yl nitrate
FormulaC3 H5 N3 O9
Molecular Weight227.09
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESC(C(CO[N+](=O)[O-])O[N+](=O)[O-])O[N+](=O)[O-]
InChIInChI=1S/C3H5N3O9/c7-4(8)13-1-3(15-6(11)12)2-14-5(9)10/h3H,1-2H2
InChIKeySNIOPGDIGTZGOP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count20
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count19
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00727 
NameNitroglycerin
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionNitroglycerin is a vasodilator drug used for the treatment of chest pain and high blood pressure.[T628,L4429] It was first approved in 2000 and is currently marketed by Pfizer, and other companies, depending on the dosage form.[T628,L4894] Nitroglycerin is available in various forms, including a spray form, sublingual tablet form, intravenous form, extended-release tablet form, and transdermal form. A less commonly known fact is that in addition to treating angina, nitroglycerin is also used in an ointment to treat the pain that accompanies anal fissures. The rectal ointment form of nitroglycerin was approved by the FDA in 1955.[L7096]
Synonyms
  • Nitroglicerina
  • Glyceroltrinitrat
  • Glycerin trinitrate
  • Nitroglycerol
  • 1,2,3-propanetriyl nitrate
Brand Names
  • Nitroglycerin Inj 5mg/ml
  • Trinipatch 0.6
  • Nitro-Time
  • Tridil Injection 5mg/ml
  • Nitroglycerin In 5% Dextrose Inj.-200mcg/ml
IndicationNitroglycerin is indicated for various purposes.[L4894] It is indicated to prevent and treat angina or chest pain due to cardiovascular disease, as well as to treat peri-operative hypertension or induce intra-operative hypotension.[L4429,L7099] It is also indicated to treat acute heart failure in patients with myocardial infarction.[L7099] In the ointment form, nitroglycerin is indicated to treat pain caused by anal fissures.[L7096] The transdermal form is applied directly to the skin to prevent acute anginal attacks.[L7141] The intravenous form is used off-label in emergency settings and is commonly used to treat acute coronary spasm caused by cocaine, hypertensive emergencies, as well as acute congestive heart failure exacerbations.[T628] Some other off-label uses of nitroglycerin include management of variceal hemorrhage[A180280], management of esophageal spasticity[A180283], and induction of uterine relaxation.[A180277]
Categories
  • Agents for Treatment of Hemorrhoids and Anal Fissures for Topical Use
  • Antianginal Agents
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cardiac Therapy
  • Cardiovascular Agents
ATC-Code
  • C01DA02
  • C01DA52
  • C05AE01
CAS number55-63-0

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Atrial natriuretic peptide receptor 1MPGPRRPAGSRLRLLLLLLLPPLLLLLRGSHAGNLTVAVVLPLANTSYPW...unknownagonist
Aldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialMLRAAARFGPRLGRRLLSAAATQAVPAPNQQPEVFCNQIFINNEWHDAVS...unknownsubstrate
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDCORYIR
PubChem4510
ChEBICHEBI:28787
ChEMBLCHEMBL730
PharosCHEMBL730