Chemical Component Summary

Name4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2-carboxylic acid
SynonymsRhein; Rhubarb Yellow
Identifiers4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-anthracene-2-carboxylic acid
FormulaC15 H8 O6
Molecular Weight284.22
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESc1cc2c(c(c1)O)C(=O)c3c(cc(cc3O)C(=O)O)C2=O
InChIInChI=1S/C15H8O6/c16-9-3-1-2-7-11(9)14(19)12-8(13(7)18)4-6(15(20)21)5-10(12)17/h1-5,16-17H,(H,20,21)
InChIKeyFCDLCPWAQCPTKC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count29
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count31
Aromatic Bond Count10

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB13174 
NameRhein
Groupsexperimental
DescriptionRhein is an anthraquinone metabolite of rheinanthrone and senna glycoside is present in many medicinal plants including Rheum palmatum, Cassia tora, Polygonum multiflorum, and Aloe barbadensis [A19247]. It is known to have hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and several other protective effects.
SynonymsRhein
IndicationNo approved indication.
Categories
  • Anthracenes
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors (strength unknown)
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors (weak)
CAS number478-43-3

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Oxysterols receptor LXR-alphaMSLWLGAPVPDIPPDSAVELWKPGAQDASSQAQGGSSCILREEARMPHSA...unknowninhibitor
Oxysterols receptor LXR-betaMSSPTTSSLDTPLPGNGPPQPGAPSSSPTVKEEGPEPWPGGPDPDVPGTD...unknowninhibitor
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase-unknowninhibitor
Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenaseMPSYTVTVATGSQWFAGTDDYIYLSLVGSAGCSEKHLLDKPFYNDFERGA...unknowninhibitor
Cytochrome P450 1A2MALSQSVPFSATELLLASAIFCLVFWVLKGLRPRVPKGLKSPPEPWGWPL...unknowninhibitor
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDBUFWAD
PubChem10168
ChEBICHEBI:8825
ChEMBLCHEMBL418068
PharosCHEMBL418068