Chemical Component Summary

NameHYDROGEN PEROXIDE
Identifiershydrogen peroxide
FormulaH2 O2
Molecular Weight34.02
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOO
InChIInChI=1S/H2O2/c1-2/h1-2H
InChIKeyMHAJPDPJQMAIIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count4
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count3
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB11091 
NameHydrogen peroxide
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionHydrogen peroxide is the simplest peroxide with a chemical formula H2O2. Hydrogen peroxide is an unstable compound in the presence of a base or catalyst, and is typically stored with a stabilizer in a weakly acidic solution. If heated to its boiling point, it may undergo potentially explosive thermal decomposition. Hydrogen peroxide is formed in the body of mammals during reduction of oxygen either directly in a two-electron transfer reaction [L2024]. As a natural product of metabolism, it readily undergoes decomposition by catalase in normal cells [L2024]. Due to its potent and broad-spectrum antimicrobial actions, hydrogen peroxide is used in both liquid and gas form for preservative, disinfection and sterilization applications as an oxidative biocide [A32369]. It is used in industrial and cosmetic applications as a bleaching agent. Hydrogen peroxide is also considered as a generally recognized as safe compound by the FDA [L2024]; it is used as an antimicrobial agent in starch and cheese products, and as an oxidizing and reducing agent in products containing dried eggs, dried egg whites, and dried egg yolks.
SynonymsHydrogen peroxide
Brand Names
  • QCare Oral Cleansing and Suctioning System, Q4
  • Sunmark Hydrogen Peroxide 3 Percent
  • Orajel Alcohol Free Antiseptic Rinse For All Mouth Sores
  • Oral B Mouth Sore Special Care Rinse
  • White Labs
IndicationIndicated to be used as a disinfectant and sterilizer.
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Anions
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Antifibrinolytic Agents
ATC-Code
  • D08AX01
  • S02AA06
  • D11AX25
  • A01AB02
CAS number7722-84-1

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Glutathione peroxidase 1MCAARLAAAAAAAQSVYAFSARPLAGGEPVSLGSLRGKVLLIENVASLUG...unknownsubstrate
CatalaseMADSRDPASDQMQHWKEQRAAQKADVLTTGAGNPVGDKLNVITVGPRGPL...unknownsubstrate
Alkaline phosphatase, placental-likeMQGPWVLLLLGLRLQLSLGIIPVEEENPDFWNRQAAEALGAAKKLQPAQT...unknowninhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem22326046
PubChem784
ChEBICHEBI:16240
ChEMBLCHEMBL71595