Chemical Component Summary

NameO-[(R)-{[(2R)-2,3-bis(octadecanoyloxy)propyl]oxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl]-L-serine
Synonymsphosphatidyl serine
Identifiers(2S)-2-azanyl-3-[[(2R)-2,3-di(octadecanoyloxy)propoxy]-oxidanyl-phosphoryl]oxy-propanoic acid
FormulaC42 H82 N O10 P
Molecular Weight792.08
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)OC[C@H](COP(=O)(O)OC[C@@H](C(=O)O)N)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
InChIInChI=1S/C42H82NO10P/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23-25-27-29-31-33-40(44)50-35-38(36-51-54(48,49)52-37-39(43)42(46)47)53-41(45)34-32-30-28-26-24-22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h38-39H,3-37,43H2,1-2H3,(H,46,47)(H,48,49)/t38-,39+/m1/s1
InChIKeyTZCPCKNHXULUIY-RGULYWFUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count136
Chiral Atom Count2
Bond Count135
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00144 
NamePhosphatidyl serine
Groups
  • investigational
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionPhosphatidyl serine (PS) is a phospholipid nutrient found in fish, green leafy vegetables, soybeans and rice, and is essential for the normal functioning of neuronal cell membranes and activates Protein kinase C (PKC) which has been shown to be involved in memory function. In apoptosis, phosphatidyl serine is transferred to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. This is part of the process by which the cell is targeted for phagocytosis. PS has been shown to slow cognitive decline in animal models. PS has been investigated in a small number of double-blind placebo trials and has been shown to increase memory performance in the elderly. Because of the potentail cognitive benefits of phosphatidylserine, the substance is sold as a dietary supplement to people who believe they can benefit from an increased intake. The dietary supplement was originally processed from bovine sources however Prion disease scares in the 1990s outlawed this process, and a soy-based alternative was adopted.
Synonyms
  • Phosphatidylserine
  • Phosphatidyl serine
  • PS
Brand Names
  • EnLyte
  • EnBrace HR
  • PramLyte
IndicationPhosphatidylserine has demonstrated some usefulness in treating cognitive impairment, including Alzheimer's disease, age-associated memory impairment and some non-Alzheimer's dementias. More research is needed before phosphatidylserine can be indicated for immune enhancement or for reduction of exercise stress.
Categories
  • Alcohols
  • Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Glycerophosphates
  • Glycerophospholipids
CAS number1446756-47-3

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Diacylglycerol kinase gammaMGEERWVSLTPEEFDQLQKYSEYSSKKIKDALTEFNEGGSLKQYDPHEPI...unknown
Diacylglycerol kinase deltaMAAAAGAPPPGPPQPPPPPPPEESSDSEPEAEPGSPQKLIRKVSTSGQIR...unknown
Phosphatidylserine synthase 2MRRGERRDAGGPRPESPVPAGRASLEEPPDGPSAGQATGPGEGRRSTESE...unknown
Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 4MAFPHLQQPSFLLASLKADSINKPFAQQCQDLVKVIEDFPAKELHTIFPW...unknown
Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 3MVLYTTPFPNSCLSALHCVSWALIFPCYWLVDRLAASFIPTTYEKRQRAD...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem91746197
PubChem9547096
ChEBICHEBI:84519
ChEMBLCHEMBL4297669