Chemical Component Summary

NameINOSINE
Identifiers9-[(2~{R},3~{R},4~{S},5~{R})-5-(hydroxymethyl)-3,4-bis(oxidanyl)oxolan-2-yl]-1~{H}-purin-6-one
FormulaC10 H12 N4 O5
Molecular Weight268.23
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1O)n2cnc3C(=O)NC=Nc23
InChIInChI=1S/C10H12N4O5/c15-1-4-6(16)7(17)10(19-4)14-3-13-5-8(14)11-2-12-9(5)18/h2-4,6-7,10,15-17H,1H2,(H,11,12,18)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChIKeyUGQMRVRMYYASKQ-KQYNXXCUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count31
Chiral Atom Count4
Bond Count33
Aromatic Bond Count5

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04335 
NameInosine
Groups
  • experimental
  • investigational
DescriptionA purine nucleoside that has hypoxanthine linked by the N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is an intermediate in the degradation of purines and purine nucleosides to uric acid and in pathways of purine salvage. It also occurs in the anticodon of certain transfer RNA molecules. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Synonyms
  • INO
  • Hypoxanthosine
  • 9-β-D-ribofuranosylhypoxanthine
  • Inosin
  • Inosinum
Brand NamesRejuvesol
IndicationThe primary popular claim made for inosine, that it enhances exercise and athletic performance, is refuted by the available research data. There is some preliminary evidence that inosine may have some neurorestorative, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and cardioprotective effects.
Categories
  • Carbohydrates
  • Dermatologicals
  • Genito Urinary System and Sex Hormones
  • Glycosides
  • Gynecological Antiinfectives and Antiseptics
ATC-Code
  • G01AX02
  • S01XA10
  • D06BB05
CAS number58-63-9

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
IAG-nucleoside hydrolaseMAKNVVLDHDGNLDDFVAMVLLASNTEKVRLIGALCTDADCFVENGFNVT...unknown
Purine nucleoside phosphorylaseMENGYTYEDYKNTAEWLLSHTKHRPQVAIICGSGLGGLTDKLTQAQIFDY...unknown
Purine nucleoside phosphorylase DeoD-typeMATPHINAEMGDFADVVLMPGDPLRAKYIAETFLEDAREVNNVRGMLGFT...unknown
Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseMTADKLVFFVNGRKVVEKNADPETTLLAYLRRKLGLSGTKLGCGEGGCGA...unknownsubstrate,inducer
Solute carrier family 28 member 3MELRSTAAPRAEGYSNVGFQNEENFLENENTSGNNSIRSRAVQSREHTNT...unknown
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem5274258
PubChem6021
PubChem135398641
ChEBICHEBI:17596
ChEMBLCHEMBL1556