Chemical Component Summary

NameISOLEUCINE
Identifiers(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methyl-pentanoic acid
FormulaC6 H13 N O2
Molecular Weight131.173
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESCC[C@H](C)[C@@H](C(=O)O)N
InChIInChI=1S/C6H13NO2/c1-3-4(2)5(7)6(8)9/h4-5H,3,7H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)/t4-,5-/m0/s1
InChIKeyAGPKZVBTJJNPAG-WHFBIAKZSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count22
Chiral Atom Count2
Bond Count21
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00167 
NameIsoleucine
Groups
  • nutraceutical
  • investigational
DescriptionAn essential branched-chain aliphatic amino acid found in many proteins. It is an isomer of leucine. It is important in hemoglobin synthesis and regulation of blood sugar and energy levels.
Synonyms
  • L-Isoleucine
  • Ile
  • Isoleucine
  • Isoleucinum
  • α-amino-β-methylvaleric acid
Brand Names
  • 4.25% Travasol Amino Acid Injection With Electrolytes In 10% Dextrose
  • Primene 10%
  • Essepna
  • Aminosyn 8.5% Injection With Electrolytes
  • 2.75% Travasol Amino Acid Injection With Electrolytes In 25% Dextrose Quickmix
IndicationThe branched-chain amino acids may have antihepatic encephalopathy activity in some. They may also have anticatabolic and antitardive dyskinesia activity.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Branched-Chain
  • Amino Acids, Essential
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
CAS number73-32-5

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Short/branched chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrialMEGLAVRLLRGSRLLRRNFLTCLSSWKIPPHVSKSSQSEALLNITNNGIH...unknown
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolicMKDCSNGCSAECTGEGGSKEVVGTFKAKDLIVTPATILKEKPDPNNLVFG...unknown
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, mitochondrialMAAAALGQIWARKLLSVPWLLCGPRRYASSSFKAADLQLEMTQKPHKKPG...unknown
Isoleucine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicMLQQVPENINFPAEEEKILEFWTEFNCFQECLKQSKHKPKFTFYDGPPFA...unknown
Isoleucine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialMRWGLRPRGPGAAALATARSLWGTPRLPCSPGWQGATKRLLVRSVSGASN...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem 6306, 7043901
ChEMBL CHEMBL1233584
ChEBI CHEBI:58045, CHEBI:17191
CCDC/CSD POXGAL, ICAPIL, DAILEU01, YUZTEU, YIGMOS, VUKQEZ, GUQKIO, LILEUC10, ZATMAM, RASZAQ, ZATMUG
COD 2102122