Chemical Component Summary

Namebenzene-1,4-diol
Identifiersbenzene-1,4-diol
FormulaC6 H6 O2
Molecular Weight110.11
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESc1cc(ccc1O)O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H6O2/c7-5-1-2-6(8)4-3-5/h1-4,7-8H
InChIKeyQIGBRXMKCJKVMJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count14
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count14
Aromatic Bond Count6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB09526 
NameHydroquinone
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionHydroquinone is a topical lightening product found in OTC products, and is used to correct skin discoloration associated with disorders of hyperpigmentation including melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmention, sunspots, and freckles. It can be used alone, but is more frequently found in combination with other agents such as alpha-hydroxy acids, corticosteroids, retinoids, or sunscreen. Hydroquinone has come under scrutiny due to several complications associated with its use, including dermal irritation, exogenous onchronosis, and carginogenicity. As a result of these concerns, hydroquinone has been banned in the EU and UK.
Synonyms
  • 1,4-benzenediol
  • 4-Hydroxyphenol
  • p-hydroxyphenol
  • p-Hydroquinone
  • benzene-1,4-diol
Brand Names
  • Exuviance Intense Lightening Complex
  • Condition and Enhance System Travel-size Surgical
  • NeoCeuticals Post Acne Fade
  • Idole Intense
  • eB5 Age Spot Formula
IndicationHydroquinone is used as an OTC topical lightening agent for disorders of hyperpigmentation including melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmention, sunspots and freckles.
Categories
  • Antioxidants
  • Benzene Derivatives
  • Compounds used in a research, industrial, or household setting
  • Depigmenting Agents
  • Dermatologicals
ATC-CodeD11AX11
CAS number123-31-9

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
TyrosinaseMLLAVLYCLLWSFQTSAGHFPRACVSSKNLMEKECCPPWSGDRSPCGQLS...unknowninhibitor
Serum albuminMKWVTFISLLFLFSSAYSRGVFRRDAHKSEVAHRFKDLGEENFKALVLIA...unknown
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDBATRET
PubChem785
ChEBICHEBI:17594
ChEMBLCHEMBL537
PharosCHEMBL537