GLO

D-glucose


View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameD-glucose
SynonymsD-GLUCOSE IN LINEAR FORM
Identifiers(2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanal
FormulaC6 H12 O6
Molecular Weight180.16
TypeD-SACCHARIDE
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C=O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6+/m0/s1
InChIKeyGZCGUPFRVQAUEE-SLPGGIOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count24
Chiral Atom Count4
Bond Count23
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01914 
NameD-glucose
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
  • vet_approved
DescriptionGlucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) generated during phosynthesis involving water, carbon and sunlight in plants. It is produced in humans via hepatic gluconeogenesis and breakdown of polymeric glucose forms (glycogenolysis). It circulates in human circulation as blood glucose and acts as an essential energy source for many organisms through aerobic or anaerobic respiration and fermentation.[A19399] It is primarily stored as starch in plants and glycogen in animals to be used in various metabolic processes in the cellular level. Its aldohexose stereoisomer, dextrose or D-glucose, is the most commonly occurring isomer of glucose in nature. L-glucose is a synthesized enantiomer that is used as a low-calorie sweetener and laxative.[T28] The unspecified form of glucose is commonly supplied as an injection for nutritional supplementation or metabolic disorders where glucose levels are improperly regulated.[L786] Glucose is listed on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.
Synonyms
  • D(+)-Glucose
  • Glucose, anhydrous
  • D-Glucose in linear form
  • D-glucose monohydrate
  • Dextrose, anhydrous
Brand Names
  • SUEROLYTE Oral Electrolyte Solution Orange Flavor
  • Sterile Cord Blood Collection Unit
  • Potassium Chloride in Lactated Ringers and Dextrose
  • Sterile Cord Blood Collection Unit (MSC128D)
  • Dextrose Monohydrate
IndicationGlucose pharmaceutical formulations (oral tablets, injections) are indicated for caloric supply and carbohydrate supplementation in case of nutrient deprivation. It is also used for metabolic disorders such as hypoglycemia.[L787]
Categories
  • Carbohydrates
  • Compounds used in a research, industrial, or household setting
  • Diet, Food, and Nutrition
  • Flavoring Agents
  • Food
CAS number50-99-7

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Hexokinase-1MIAAQLLAYYFTELKDDQVKKIDKYLYAMRLSDETLIDIMTRFRKEMKNG...unknownsubstrate
GlucokinaseMLDDRARMEAAKKEKVEQILAEFQLQEEDLKKVMRRMQKEMDRGLRLETH...unknownsubstrate
Serum albuminMKWVTFISLLFLFSSAYSRGVFRRDAHKSEVAHRFKDLGEENFKALVLIA...unknownbinder
Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1MEPSSKKLTGRLMLAVGGAVLGSLQFGYNTGVINAPQKVIEEFYNQTWVH...unknownsubstrate
Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 2MTEDKVTGTLVFTVITAVLGSFQFGYDIGVINAPQQVIISHYRHVLGVPL...unknownsubstrate
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem107526
ChEBICHEBI:42758