EDP

5-ethyl-5-[(2R)-pentan-2-yl]-2-thioxodihydropyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione

EDP as a free ligand exists in 2 entries. Examples include: 5L4E 3RD0

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name5-ethyl-5-[(2R)-pentan-2-yl]-2-thioxodihydropyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione
Identifiers5-ethyl-5-[(2R)-pentan-2-yl]-2-sulfanylidene-1,3-diazinane-4,6-dione
FormulaC11 H18 N2 O2 S
Molecular Weight242.34
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCCC[C@@H](C)C1(CC)C(=O)NC(=S)NC1=O
InChIInChI=1S/C11H18N2O2S/c1-4-6-7(3)11(5-2)8(14)12-10(16)13-9(11)15/h7H,4-6H2,1-3H3,(H2,12,13,14,15,16)/t7-/m1/s1
InChIKeyIUJDSEJGGMCXSG-SSDOTTSWSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count34
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsC14
Bond Count34
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00599 Different stereochemistry
NameThiopental
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration. It is also used for hypnosis and for the control of convulsive states. It has been used in neurosurgical patients to reduce increased intracranial pressure. It does not produce any excitation but has poor analgesic and muscle relaxant properties. Small doses have been shown to be anti-analgesic and lower the pain threshold. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p920)
Synonyms
  • (+-)-Thiopental
  • 2-Thio-5-ethyl-5-sec-pentylbarbituric acid
  • 5-Ethyl-5-(1-methyl-butyl)-2-thioxo-dihydro-pyrimidine-4,6-dione
  • Bitaryl
  • Omexolon
SaltsThiopental sodium
Brand Names
  • Pentothal Inj 25mg/ml
  • Pentothal Inj 500mg/syr
  • Pentothal Ready To Mix Syringe 250mg
  • Pentothal Sodium
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor use as the sole anesthetic agent for brief (15 minute) procedures, for induction of anesthesia prior to administration of other anesthetic agents, to supplement regional anesthesia, to provide hypnosis during balanced anesthesia with other agents for analgesia or muscle relaxation, for the control of convulsive states during or following inhalation anesthesia or local anesthesia, in neurosurgical patients with increased intracranial pressure, and for narcoanalysis and narcosynthesis in psychiatric disorders.
PharmacologyThiopental, a barbiturate, is used for the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful stimuli. Thiopental is an ultrashort-acting depressant of the central nervous system which induces hypnosis and anesthesia, but not analgesia. It produces hypnosis within 30 to 40 seconds of intravenous injection. Recovery after a small dose is rapid, with some somnolence and retrograde amnesia. Repeated intravenous doses lead to prolonged anesthesia because fatty tissues act as a reservoir; they accumulate Pentothal in concentrations 6 to 12 times greater than the plasma concentration, and then release the drug slowly to cause prolonged anesthesia
Mechanism of actionThiopental binds at a distinct binding site associated with a Cl<sup>-</sup> ionopore at the GABA<sub>A</sub> receptor, increasing the duration of time for which the Cl<sup>-</sup> ionopore is open. The post-synaptic inhibitory effect of GABA in the thalamus is, therefore, prolonged.
Route of administrationIntravenous
Categories
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, General
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Barbiturates
ATC-Code
  • N05CA19
  • N01AF03
AHFS-Code28:04.00
CAS number76-75-5

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2MKTKLNIYNMQFLLFVFLVWDPARLVLANIQEDEAKNNITIFTRILDRLL...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2MKTKLNIYNMQFLLFVFLVWDPARLVLANIQEDEAKNNITIFTRILDRLL...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2MKTKLNIYNMQFLLFVFLVWDPARLVLANIQEDEAKNNITIFTRILDRLL...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3MIITQTSHCYMTSLGILFLINILPGTTGQGESRRQEPGDFVKQDIGGLSP...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3MIITQTSHCYMTSLGILFLINILPGTTGQGESRRQEPGDFVKQDIGGLSP...yespotentiator
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682