Chemical Component Summary

Name2-AMINO-ETHANETHIOL
Identifiers2-aminoethanethiol
FormulaC2 H7 N S
Molecular Weight77.15
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESNCCS
InChIInChI=1S/C2H7NS/c3-1-2-4/h4H,1-3H2
InChIKeyUFULAYFCSOUIOV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count11
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count10
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00847 
NameCysteamine
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionCysteamine is a radiation-protective agent that oxidizes in air to form cystamine. It can be given intravenously or orally to treat radiation sickness. The bitartrate and hydrochloride salt forms are indicated for the treatment of neuropathic cystinosis in patients 6 years old and older. Cysteamine is marketed under several brand names such as Cystaran, Procysbi, and Cystagon.
Synonyms
  • Cysteamine bitartrate
  • β-aminoethylthiol
  • 2-amino-1-ethanethiol
  • Mercaptaminum
  • MEA
Brand Names
  • PROCYSBI Delayed-release
  • Procysbi
  • Cystaran
  • Cystadrops
  • Cystagon
IndicationGiven intravenously or orally to treat radiation sickness. The bitartrate salts (Cystagon and Procysbi) have been used for the oral treatment of nephropathic cystinosis and cystinurea. The hydrochloride salt (Cystaran) is indicated for the treatment of corneal cystine crystal accumulation in cystinosis patients.
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Amines
  • Amino Acids and Derivatives
  • Cystine Depleting Agents
  • Cystine Disulfide Reduction
ATC-Code
  • A16AA04
  • S01XA21
CAS number60-23-1

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Cystine-unknowncleavage
SomatostatinMLSCRLQCALAALSIVLALGCVTGAPSDPRLRQFLQKSLAAAAGKQELAK...unknownbinder
Neuropeptide Y receptor type 2MGPIGAEADENQTVEEMKVEQYGPQTTPRGELVPDPEPELIDSTKLIEVQ...unknownother/unknown
MyeloperoxidaseMGVPFFSSLRCMVDLGPCWAGGLTAEMKLLLALAGLLAILATPQPSEGAA...unknownsubstrate
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem6058
PubChem118985556
ChEBICHEBI:17141
ChEMBLCHEMBL602