Chemical Component Summary

Identifierscarbon dioxide
FormulaC O2
Molecular Weight44.01
Isomeric SMILESC(=O)=O

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count3
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count2
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB09157 
NameCarbon dioxide
  • approved
  • investigational
  • vet_approved
DescriptionCarbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth. This naturally occurring chemical compound is composed of a carbon atom covalently double bonded to two oxygen atoms. Medical Carbon Dioxide is a liquefied medicinal gas, supplied in cylinders filled to a high pressure. Medical Carbon Dioxide may be used in different situations, e.g. during bodily investigations, to inflate body cavities during surgery (such as key-hole surgery), and in solid form (dry ice) for freezing of tissue and removal of warts.
SynonymsCarbon dioxide
Brand Names
  • Carbon Dioxide 1% W Air
  • Carbon Dioxide Oxygen
  • Compressed Gas N.O.S.
  • Carbon Dioxide Mixture
  • Carbon Dioxide 30.1% W Air
IndicationCarbon dioxide is commonly used as an insufflation gas for minimal invasive surgery (laparoscopy, endoscopy, and arthroscopy) to enlarge and stabilize body cavities to provide better visibility of the surgical area. It has been used also in cryotherapy and as respiratory stimulant before and after anesthesia. It could be used also in expansion of blood vessels if required, to increase carbon dioxide level after rapid breathing, and to stimulate breathing after a period of nonbreathing.
  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic
  • Gases
  • Medical Gases
  • Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
  • Other Diagnostics
CAS number124-38-9

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference