CIR

CITRULLINE


View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameCITRULLINE
Identifiers(2S)-5-(aminocarbonylamino)-2-azanyl-pentanoic acid
FormulaC6 H13 N3 O3
Molecular Weight175.19
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=O)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H13N3O3/c7-4(5(10)11)2-1-3-9-6(8)12/h4H,1-3,7H2,(H,10,11)(H3,8,9,12)/t4-/m0/s1
InChIKeyRHGKLRLOHDJJDR-BYPYZUCNSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count25
Chiral Atom Count1
Bond Count24
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00155 
NameCitrulline
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionCitrulline is an amino acid. It is made from ornithine and carbamoyl phosphate in one of the central reactions in the urea cycle. It is also produced from arginine as a by-product of the reaction catalyzed by NOS family. Its name is derived from citrullus, the Latin word for watermelon, from which it was first isolated.
Synonyms
  • α-amino-δ-ureidovaleric acid
  • L-2-Amino-5-ureidovaleric acid
  • Citrulina
  • delta-Ureidonorvaline
  • N(delta)-Carbamylornithine
Brand Names
  • tensioSAN
  • Lipovite
IndicationUsed for nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Diamino
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
  • OAT1/SLC22A6 Substrates
CAS number372-75-8

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Argininosuccinate synthaseMSSKGSVVLAYSGGLDTSCILVWLKEQGYDVIAYLANIGQKEDFEEARKK...unknown
N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2MGTPGEGLGRCSHALIRGVPESLASGEGAGAGLPALDLAKAQREHGVLGG...unknown
Argininosuccinate synthetase, isoform CRA_aMSSKGSVVLAYSGGLDTSCILVWLKEQGYDVIAYLANIGQKEDFEEARKK...unknown
N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1MAGLGHPAAFGRATHAVVRALPESLGQHALRSAKGEEVDVARAERQHQLY...unknown
Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, mitochondrialMLFNLRILLNNAAFRNGHNFMVRNFRCGQPLQNKVQLKGRDLLTLKNFTG...unknown
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Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem9750
PubChem6992098
ChEBICHEBI:16349
ChEBICHEBI:57743
ChEMBLCHEMBL444814